Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 154

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Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 154 (P. Oxy. 154 or P. Oxy. I 154) is an account listing various payments, written in Greek and discovered in Oxyrhynchus. The manuscript was written on papyrus in the form of a sheet. The document was written in the late 6th century. Currently it is housed in the Egyptian Museum (10102) in Cairo.[1]

Description[edit]

The recto side of this papyrus contains a list of payments of wine, oil, meat, etc., to various people. The verso contains a list of receipts and payments, partly in wheat and partly in money. The accounts on the verso side are of particular interest because of their comparisons between the relative values of different types of solidi. The measurements of the fragment are 300 by 545 mm.[2]

It was discovered by Grenfell and Hunt in 1897 in Oxyrhynchus. The text was published by Grenfell and Hunt in 1898.[2]

Excerpt from verso side[edit]

Given to Andronicus the sailor 70 artabae, and to Anoup and John, lawyers (?) and contractors of the racecourse, as payment for the 11th indiction, 60 artabae of wheat, remainder 482 34 artabae, 1 choenix of wheat. This, at 1 solidus less 4 carats on the private standard for every 10 artabae, is equivalent to 48 932 solidi less 193 carats on the private standard, that is, less 289 12 carats or 12 348 solidi on the public standard, making 36 732 pure solidi on the public standard, which are equivalent to 36 1532 solidi on the Alexandrian standard. [3]

To the banker 12 18 solidi on the Alexandrian standard, also 1 solidus less 4 carats on the private standard, which is equivalent to  8796 solidus on the standard of Alexandria, total 13 132 solidi on the Alexandrian standard, leaving 23 716 solidi on the Alexandrian standard. [4] [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P. Oxy. 154 at the Oxyrhynchus Online
  2. ^ a b c Grenfell, B. P.; Hunt, A. S. (1898). Oxyrhynchus Papyri I. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. pp. 234–6. 
  3. ^ According to Grenfell and Hunt, the ratios between the solidi of the three standards (private, public, and Alexandrian) are roughly 161:145:146. The equivalences listed here match these ratios.
  4. ^ According to Grenfell and Hunt there is probably an error in this calculation. As stated above, a solidus on the private standard was worth  146161 of a solidus on the Alexandrian standard. Here 1 solidus less 4 carats, i.e.  56 solidus on the private standard is equivalent to  8796 of a solidus on the Alexandrian standard. They note that it is possible although unlikely that there was a large variation in the exchange rate. They think it much more likely, based on evidence from other papyri, that the discrepancy is due to an arithmetic error.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainB. P. Grenfell; A. S. Hunt (1898). Oxyrhynchus Papyri I. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.