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Parchin is located in Iran
Location of Parchin

Parchin is an Iranian military complex, located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of Tehran.

Missile engines[edit]

To the northwest of Parchin in the Barjamali Hills, a test range for liquid-propellant missile engines is part of the Shahid Hemat Industrial Group (SHIG) research facility, where signature of engine test stand firing—probably including technology from the Russian SS-4 Sandal missile—was confirmed by an American spy satellite in August 1997.[citation needed]

On December 15, 1997, SHIG conducted at least a sixth 1997 test of an engine needed for an 800-mile range ballistic missile. The test was either sixth or eighth during 1997, according to available intelligence. It is reported the Russian Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute [TSAGI] contracted in early 1997 to build a wind tunnel at SHIG, for both Iranian and Russian missile designers to refine the Shahab-3missile.[1]

IAEA Inspection[edit]

On January 13, 2005, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors were allowed access to the Parchin military base as a confidence-building measure.[2][3][4] Since 2005, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has requested further inspections of the site, but has been denied access by the Iranian government.[5] One nuclear expert suggested that the IAEA was "stretching its mandate to the limit in asking for access to a military site based on tenuous evidence."[6]

On 8 March 2012, six world powers—the U.S., United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and China—called on Iran to allow United Nations inspectors to visit the Parchin military site.[5][7][8]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°31′38″N 51°46′40″E / 35.52722°N 51.77778°E / 35.52722; 51.77778