Parthenium

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Parthenium
Starr 050423-6650 Parthenium hysterophorus.jpg
Parthenium hysterophorus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae[1]
Genus: Parthenium
L.
Species

See text

Synonyms

Villanova Ortega[2]

Parthenium is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. The name is derived from either the Greek word παρθένος (parthenos), meaning "virgin," or παρθένιον (parthenion), an ancient name for a plant.[3] Members of the genus are commonly known as feverfew.[4] Notable species include Guayule (P. argentatum) and P. hysterophorus, a serious invasive species in the Old World.[5]

Selected species[edit]

Uses[edit]

In North America, the Jicarilla Apache people used Parthenium incanum for medicine (Opler 1946: 8). The sap of Guayule (P. argentatum) is a source of natural rubber.[7] It is often mistaken for marijuana.

Gallery[edit]

Parthenium hysterophorus in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GENUS Parthenium". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  2. ^ "Genus: Parthenium L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1998-09-03. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  3. ^ Strother, John L. "Parthenium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 988. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 426. 1754.". Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  4. ^ a b "Parthenium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  5. ^ "Parthenium hysterophorus (herb)". Global Invasive Species Database. Invasive Species Specialist Group. 2010-10-04. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  6. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Parthenium". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  7. ^ Ray, Dennis T. (1993). "Guayule: A source of natural rubber". In J. Janick and J.E. Simon. New crops (New York: Wiley): 338–343. 
  • Everitt, J.H.; Lonard, R.L.; Little, C.R. (2007). Weeds in South Texas and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.  ISBN 0-89672-614-2
  • Opler, Morris E. (1946). Childhood and youth in Jicarilla Apache society. Publications of the Frederick Webb Hodge Anniversary Fund (Vol. 5). Los Angeles: The Southwest Museum Administrator of the Fund.