Pavlo Vigderhaus

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Pavlo Isaakovich Vigderhaus
Donetsk shahter 02.jpg
Monument to a Miner, Donetsk, 1967
Born (1925-09-07)September 7, 1925
Artemivsk, Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
Died February 11, 2013(2013-02-11) (aged 87)
Donetsk, Ukraine
Awards

USSR State Prize (1978)

title Honoured Architect of Ukraine (2009)
Buildings Monument to a Miner, Miner's Square (Donetsk) Church of the Nativity, Fallen Communars square (Donetsk), monument to Lenin (Gorlovka)

Pavlo Isaakovich Vigderhaus (Ukrainian: Павло Ісаакович Вігдергауз, born September 7, 1925, died February 11, 2013[1]) was a Ukrainian and Soviet architect, recipient of the USSR State Prize (1978) and Honoured Architect of Ukraine (2009).

Biography[edit]

Pavlo Isaakovich Vigderhaus was born on September 7, 1925 in Artemivsk, in the Donetsk region in the family of a journalist. Since his father was working in different cities of Donetsk and Lugansk regions, the family had to move permanently. The war found them in Makeyevka. In October 1941, Pavlo with his mother were evacuated to Kizel, Perm Krai, Russia. In Kizel Pavlo worked as a turner at the munitions factory, that was evacuated from Kiev.

In January 1943 he was called up to the Soviet Army and sent for training to the military infantry school. After six months of training Pavlo was referred to the Guards 349 at 105th Guards Vienna Airborne Division, that was fighting in Hungary and Austria within 3rd Ukrainian Front. He was wounded in one of the battles for Vienna and discharged after treatment.

Vigderhaus dreamt of becoming an architect from the time that he was a schoolboy; shortly upon demobilization, he was walking through Stalino destroyed during the war, and saw an officer, who was drawing sketches of ruins. Pavlo came closer and learned that this man was an architect and was taking building measurements for its reconstruction.[2] Pavlo shared his dream with this man and he invited Pavlo to work to Oblast planning department (Oblproekt) as an assistant architect.

In 1947 thanks to work in Oblproekt he met already known Donetsk architects A. Strashnov and A. Kuznetsov. They advised him to go to Kharkov and enter the institute. Pavlo followed their advice and together with his friend entered the Kharkov Institute of Civil Engineering and graduated from it in 1953.[3]

In 1957 Vigderhaus became a member of the USSR Union of Architects. During almost 60 years dedicated to architecture, Vigderhaus has created most part of the buildings in contemporary Donetsk, including monument "To Miner's Glory" (1967), which is considered the unofficial symbol of Donetsk[2][4]

In 1978 Vigderhaus was awarded the State Prize of USSR for landscape architecture in design - that was 8 years later after UNESCO has recognized Donetsk as the greenest industrial city in the world[5]

Vigderhaus had one son and three grandchildren.

Selected works[edit]

  • stadium "Shakhtar" (Gorlovka)
  • administrative and laboratory buildings of "Ukrniisol" institute (Artemovsk)
  • residential area "Semenovka" (Donetsk)
  • experimental school for 2032 students in Donetsk (together with architects I. Karakis, V. Volik, A. Strashnov, mosaic compositions by G. Sinitsa and V. Zaretsky)[6]
  • building of "Donchanka" shop (Donetsk)
  • Monument to a Miner (Donetsk) (together with Konstantin Rakityansky). The Symbol of Donetsk, "Miner" that is standing now on Miner's Square was initially a bronze statuette, called "The heat and the light we bring to people" intended for Khrushchev, who was supposed to come to Donetsk. But the visit of the Soviet leader was canceled for some reason and later the statue was built based on the statuette sketch.[5] Pavlo Vidgerhaus received nothing for this project.[4]
  • building of the center of consumer appliances and radiotechnics (Donetsk)
  • monuments to Lenin (Kramatorsk and Gorlovka)
  • office building (Yasinovataya)
  • housing complex "Parkovy" (Donetsk)
  • cardiology ward building at Oblast Central Clinical Hospital (Donetsk)
  • maternity hospital (Artemovsk)
  • tax office building (Artemovsk)
  • Church of the Nativity, Fallen Communars square (Donetsk) was designed by ethnic Jew Pavlo Vigderhaus and built by Armenians and Turks, that contradicts the Orthodox dogma - Orthodox community have no right to trust the construction of the church to adherents of a different faith. Yet Hilarion, Metropolitan of Donetsk and Mariupol made an exception and issued a permission [5]
  • supermarkets belonging to Zasyadko mine
  • monument "To Holocaust Victims" on Lenin Ave. (Donetsk) (together with Yuri Baldin)

also Pavlo Vigderhaus is the author of numerous residential buildings in Donetsk and Donetsk Oblast'.[2][3]

Awards and titles[edit]

References[edit]