Big One (roller coaster)

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Big One
The Big One ^ - geograph.org.uk - 1096.jpg
The Big One From The Promenade
Pleasure Beach Blackpool
Coordinates 53°47′21″N 3°03′19″W / 53.78917°N 3.05528°W / 53.78917; -3.05528Coordinates: 53°47′21″N 3°03′19″W / 53.78917°N 3.05528°W / 53.78917; -3.05528
Status Operating
Opening date 28 May 1994
Cost £12,000,000
General statistics
Type Steel
Manufacturer Arrow Dynamics
Designer Ron Toomer
Model Hyper Coaster
Lift/launch system Chain lift hill
Height 213 ft (65 m)
Drop 205 ft (62 m)
Length 5,497 ft (1,675 m)
Speed 74 mph (119 km/h)
Duration 3:00
Max vertical angle 65°
Capacity 1700 riders per hour
G-force 3.5
Height restriction 52 in (132 cm)
Trains 3 trains with 5 cars. Riders are arranged 2 across in 3 rows for a total of 30 riders per train.
Big One at RCDB
Pictures of Big One at RCDB

The Big One, formerly known or still commonly referred to as Pepsi Max Big One, is a steel roller coaster located at Pleasure Beach Blackpool in the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The ride was originally manufactured by Arrow Dynamics, a now defunct steel coaster manufacturer. Construction of the ride began in September 1993 and lasted just over 7 months. The tubular track and supports were airlifted from Bolton to Blackpool and stored in nearby Blackpool Airport. During the start of the construction of the ride the south of Blackpool promenade was closed and pieces of the structure were stored on the road adjacent to the Pleasure Beach.

The first pieces of the ride to be fitted were the large foundations that would follow on from the main supports. Once all the supports were fitted, the tubular track was fitted followed by additional supports on the turnaround and the mid course brake section.

The current design of the trains of The Big One.

The ride opened to the public on 28 May 1994. The finished ride cost £12,000,000 ($19,669,316 USD) to build and is the second biggest ever investment for Pleasure Beach.

Statistics[edit]

The ride is the second "Megacoaster" to be built by the Arrow Dynamics company, the first being Magnum XL-200 at Cedar Point amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio, U.S. At its highest point above ground level, the ride reaches 213 feet (65 m) with the first drop measuring 205 feet (62 m). The first drop has an incline angle of 65 degrees and the usual maximum speed for the ride is 74 miles per hour (119 km/h). The ride lasts approximately three minutes and during this time riders normally experience positive g forces of up to 3.5G and negative g forces of up to 0.5G.

The ride is capable of running 3 trains at any one time. Each train has five carriages with six passengers to a carriage, enabling each train to carry thirty passengers in total. Riders sit in rows of two. The colour scheme for each train is the same: a blue base with two coloured bands around the side and front (red and white) showing the union jack logo. Each train is numbered at the back of the fifth carriage, and each carriage is numbered according to the back of each section. During testing, sand bags are used to weigh the train down. This is a safety mechanism and is common practice on roller coasters of a certain height. Before the ride was granted a certificate to operate, Pleasure Beach Blackpool had to appeal to Blackpool Airport which is one mile from the park. As the ride is so high, warning beacons had to be installed on the peaks of the first two hills, including the main drop, before the ride was given the all clear to operate.

Records[edit]

When it opened on May 28, 1994, the (Pepsi Max) Big One roller coaster was both the tallest and steepest roller coaster in the world.[1] It was also one of the longest out-and-back roller coasters, measuring 5,497 feet (1,675 m). With a 205-foot drop and 74 mph top speed, it was second only to Steel Phantom at Kennywood in the U.S. in speed, but it was the fastest coaster in Europe.[1][note 1] The Big One lost its height record to Fujiyama in 1996, though it remained the tallest and fastest roller coaster in Europe until 2002, when Silver Star opened at Europa-Park in Germany. The ride still remains the tallest in the United Kingdom. It is also the second longest in the UK, losing only to Lightwater Valley's Ultimate.

Richard Rodriguez completed a 112 day endurance record on the rollercoaster in 2012. This broke the World Record for the most 'Consecutive days on a rollercoaster'. This attempt was only during operating hours (approximately 6 hours a day) as opposed to 24 hours a day. He also had his own row of seating assigned only for him during this.

Incidents[edit]

The first accident happened close to the opening of the ride, in July 1994. Twenty-six people were injured when the computer system failed to completely stop a train returning to the station. The result of this brake failure was a collision with a waiting train at the ride's station. The injuries were all only minor but the incident was widely publicised by the media.[2]

Again in August 2000, 14 people were injured on the rollercoaster with two hospitalised after two carriages on the coaster collided, the incident was extensively reported in the British media at the time and resulted in the ride being closed for a short period. The incident occurred when a failure of the braking system caused a moving train to collide with a stationary one, trapping four riders in the carriages who were later freed by fire-fighters. A 13-year-old boy suffered a serious fracture to his right leg, and a 15-year-old boy was treated for spinal and rib injuries.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ When Desperado opened three months later, Big One became the third fastest. Though not standing as tall as Big One, Steel Phantom and Desperado both had longer drops (225 feet) and therefore achieved greater speeds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hammond, Kip (1994). "Nevada Jackpot: The Numbers Game". RollerCoaster! Magazine 16 (1): 12. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  2. ^ BBC News Report:http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/905474.stm

Roberts, J.M. (November 1, 1994). "The 'Pepsi Max Big One' rollercoaster - Blackpool Pleasure Beach". The Structural Engineer (Institution of Structural Engineers) 72 (21): 345–349. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Magnum XL-200
World's Tallest Complete Circuit Roller Coaster
May 1994–July 1996
Succeeded by
Fujiyama