Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura

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Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura
President Abu Mohamed
Secretary-General M. Abdul Jamal Bin Abdul Rashid
Founded 19 March 1967
Headquarters Changi Road
Ideology Pancasila and Indonesianism
Political position Centre to Centre-right
Colours Red
Parliament
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Party flag
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Website
Official web site
Politics of Singapore
Political parties
Elections

The Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (PKMS, or Singapore Malay National Organisation; Jawi script: ڤرتوبوهن كبڠساءن ملايو سيڠاڤورا; Chinese: 新加坡马来民族机构) is the Pro-Indonesian political party in Singapore. The party recently concluded their 21st BGM on 5 February 2012. The elected President is Mr Abu Mohamed, Deputy President Mr Ismail Yacoob, Vice-President I Mr Raja Muhammad Khalid, Vice-President II Mr Abdul Mutalib Bin Ithnin while the party's Secretary General is Mr M. Abdul Jamal Bin Abdul Rashid.

History[edit]

The headquarters of Singapore Malay National Organisation at Changi Road.

The origins of Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (PKMS) were rooted in the Singapore Malay Union (KMS) which was founded in 1926[1] by Mohamed Eunos bin Abdullah to represent Malay interests.[2] Following the Second World War, the KMS opposed the proposed Malayan Union and merged into the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO), which would become dominant in federal politics.

Despite the KMS's connections to UMNO, the modern PKMS organisation originated as an extension of the Johor Bahru branch of UMNO. It contested the 1955 Singapore general election where it secured one seat at Ulu Bedok.[3] By the 1959 Singapore general election, UMNO had gained three seats in the Malay-dominated electorates of Geylang Serai, Kampung Kembangan, and the Southern Islands.[4] On 20 February 1961, it became officially registered as the Singapore United Malay National Organisation (SUMNO).[3]

SUMNO subsequently joined the Singapore Alliance Party, which also was an extension of the larger federal Alliance Party and encompassed the Singapore Malay Union along with local branches of the Malayan Chinese Association and the Malayan Indian Congress, and former Chief Minister Lim Yew Hock's Singapore People's Alliance.[5] In line with the pro-Malay communal policies of its parent organisation, PKMS became a vocal opponent of Lee Kuan Yew's People's Action Party which it accused of promoting Chinese chauvinism and discriminating against Malays. However, it also shared some of the PAP's policies like supporting merger with Malaysia and anti-Communism.[5]

Under the Singapore Alliance umbrella, SUMNO contested the 1963 general election but performed poorly and lost all its three seats. In total, the Alliance lost all its seven seats. The fallout from this electoral defeat contributed to sharply deteriorating relations between the federal government in Kuala Lumpur and the Singapore state government which culminated in racial rioting that resulted in Singapore's expulsion from Malaysia in September 1965.[5]

On 19 March 1967, the party assumed its current name Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura after the Singapore government passed a new law banning local parties from operating as branches of foreign organisations. However, PKMS continued to maintain ties with its parent organisation UMNO.[6] During the 1968 general election, the PKMS did not file any nominations and supported Barisan Sosialis's electoral boycott of the Singapore Parliament. While the PKMS would contest future elections, it has never won a seat since 1959.

On 3 July 2001, the PKMS joined a political coalition known as the Singapore Democratic Alliance which included the Singapore Justice Party, Singapore People's Party, and the National Solidarity Party.[7] Throughout its history, the party has experienced substantial internal infighting.[5][6] However, it all ended with a court order on 22 March 2012 giving Mr Abu Mohamed and his Supreme Council the rights to administer the office. Since then, PKMS are making up for lost time, making progress to be the voice of not just Malays in Singapore but the voice of the younger generations (regardless of race) against any form of colonialism (uphold and safeguard the principles of parliamentary and democratic form of government)and foster goodwill and harmony amongst the citizens of various races in Singapore towards the growth of a strong,united nation without marginalising the locals (born and bred Singaporeans).

References[edit]

  1. Notes
  1. ^ Roff, William R. (1995). The Origins of Malay Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press (USA). p. 90. ISBN 967-65-3059-X. 
  2. ^ "Muhammad Eunos Bin Abdullah". MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Singapore Legislative Assembly General Election 1955". Singapore Elections. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Singapore Legislative Assembly General Election 1959". Singapore Elections. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d Lau, Albert (1998). A Moment of Anguish: Singapore in Malaysia and the Politics of Disengagement. Singapore: Times Academic Press. ISBN 981-210-1349. 
  6. ^ a b "Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura". Singapore Elections. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Singapore Democratic Alliance". Singapore Elections. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lau, Albert (1998). A Moment of Anguish: Singapore in Malaysia and the Politics of Disengagement. Singapore: Times Academic Press. ISBN 981-210-1349. 
  • Roff, William R. (1995). The Origins of Malay Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press (USA). p. 90. ISBN 967-65-3059-X. 

External links[edit]

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