Peruvian general election, 1990

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Peruvian general election, 1990
Peru
1985 ←
April 8 (8-04) and June 10, 1990 (1990-06-10) → 1995

  Al Fujimori.jpg Vargas Llosa candidato presidencia del Perú (1990).jpg
Nominee Alberto Fujimori Mario Vargas Llosa
Party Cambio 90 FREDEMO
Running mate Máximo San Román
Carlos García Y García
Eduardo Orrego
Felipe Osterling
Popular vote 4,489,897 2,708,291
Percentage 62.4% 37.6%

President before election

Alan García
APRA

Elected President

Alberto Fujimori
Cambio 90

Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Peru
Constitution

General elections were held in Peru on 8 April 1990, with a second round of the presidential elections on 10 June.[1] The run-off was between favorite, novelist Mario Vargas Llosa leading a coalition of economically liberal parties collectively known as the Democratic Front and political underdog Alberto Fujimori of the populist and more moderate Cambio 90. Vargas Llosa won the first round with a fairly low number of the votes, but alienated much of the electorate with a comprehensive privatisation agenda, bolstering the allegedly unelectable Fujimori. Fujimori eventually won a landslide victory and would remain president for ten years until he was ousted in 2000.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Party Candidate First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mario Vargas Llosa Democratic Front 2,163,323 32.6 2,708,291 37.6
Alberto Fujimori Change 90 1,932,208 29.1 4,478,897 62.4
Luis Alva Castro American Popular Revolutionary Alliance 1,494,231 22.5
Henry Pease United Left 544,889 8.2
Alfonso Barrantes Lingán Socialist Left 315,038 4.7
Roger Cáceres Velásquez National Front of Workers and Peasants 86,418 1.3
Ezequiel Atacusi Gamonal Agricultural People's Front of Peru 73,974 1.1
Dora Larrea del Castillo Odriíst National Union 21,962 0.3
Nicolás de Pierola Balta Democratic Union 9,541 0.1
Invalid/blank votes 1,195,532 760,044
Total 7,837,116 100 7,958,232 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,013,225 78.3 10,007,614 79.5
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Front 1,492,513 30.1 62 +40
American Popular Revolutionary Alliance 1,240,395 25.0 53 –54
Cambio 90 819,527 16.5 32 New
United Left 497,764 10.0 16 –32
Independent Moralizing Front 7 New
Socialist Left 264,147 5.3 4 New
National Front of Workers and Peasants 124,544 2.5 3 +2
Agricultural People's Front of Peru 62,955 1.3 0 New
Independent Civic Union 41,210 0.8 0 New
Movimento Regionalista Loreto 23,836 0.5 0 New
Frente Tacneñista 18,035 0.4 0 New
Movimiento Independiente en Acción 14,547 0.3 0 New
Odriíst National Union 10,788 0.2 0 New
Democratic Union 7,762 0.2 0 New
Hayist Bases Movement 5,047 0.1 0 New
Somos Libres 2,232 0.0 0 New
Independents 336,168 6.8 3 +1
Invalid/blank votes 1,857,066
Total 6,818,536 100 180 0
Registered voters/turnout 10,012,325 68.1
Source: Nohlen

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Front 1,791,077 32.3 19 +6
American Popular Revolutionary Alliance 1,390,954 25.1 16 –14
Cambio 90 1,240,132 21.7 14 New
United Left 542,049 9.8 6 –9
Socialist Left 303,216 5.5 3 New
National Front of Workers and Peasants 112,388 2.0 1 0
Agricultural People's Front of Peru 63,879 1.2 0 New
Independent Civic Union 45,171 0.8 0 New
Somos Libres 30,671 0.6 0 New
Odriíst National Union 16,479 0.3 0 –1
Hayist Bases Movement 13,616 0.2 0 New
FIR 9,065 0.2 0 New
Democratic Union 8,041 0.1 0 New
National Co-operation 4,002 0.1 0 New
Movimiento Independiente Solidaridad 3,142 0.1 0 New
Confederación Honorifica de Lucha Organizada Independiente 1,798 0.0 0 New
Independents 1 New
Former presidents 2 +1
Invalid/blank votes 1,336,270
Total 6,875,950 100 62 +1
Registered voters/turnout 10,012,325 68.7
Source: Nohlen

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p454 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3