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This article is about a town in Kharkiv Oblast. For other definitions, see Pervomaysky.
City of regional significance
Likhachove Railway Station, Its Named Pervomaiski
Likhachove Railway Station, Its Named Pervomaiski
Flag of Pervomaiskyi
Coat of arms of Pervomaiskyi
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Likhachova
Pervomaiskyi is located in Kharkiv Oblast
Coordinates: 49°23′13″N 36°12′51″E / 49.38694°N 36.21417°E / 49.38694; 36.21417
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Kharkiv Oblast
 • Total 14.5 km2 (5.6 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 49,500
Time zone CET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 64102-6
Area code(s) +380-5748
Website Unofficial Website

Pervomaiskyi (Ukrainian: Первомайський) is a city in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine, formerly known as Likhachova. Its population is 32,523 (2001) which makes it the fourth largest city in Kharkiv Oblast. The city is also known for Khimprom which was one of the biggest chemical factories in the former USSR. The city has lush green plots and parks, a cultural center named "DK Khimik" and a stadium also named "Khimik".

History of Pervomaiskyi[edit]

In 1869 a railway was opened Курск-Харьков-Sevastopol. In August of the same year a whistle stop was built 80 kilometres from Kharkov. Trains stopped for water and firewood and the station was named by Likhachevo, in honour a squire Likhachova, an estate of which was near a village Sivash in a few kilometres from the railway. Water was supplied from lake Sivash and a water-tower was built.

After the Russian Civil War the (joint) Alekseevskogo, Berekskogo, Upper Bishkinskogo rural Soviets decided to relocation of the peasants of these villages to the farm Likhachevo. So in 1924 a settlement was built in Likhachevo which originally was under the jurisdiction of the Upper Bishkinskomu village council. The founders of the village were migrants from villages: Alexeevka, Berek, Maslivka, Upper-Bishkin. They built streets, such as the 1st of May Street. Agriculture and Crafts Schools were built along with a primary school, which both children and adults attended.

In 1927 the village had 13 lots and 56 residents. In 1928, it was 85 lots. The population increased as workers came to work at the brick and mechanical plant, as well as the mill. In September 1929, on the initiative of activists Tolokneeva K., K. et al Fedoseenko in the village was organized gang. At the suggestion of porters, it was called "May 1" in honor of the international proletarian holiday. In early December 1929 organized Lihachevsky machine-tractor station (one of the first in the Kharkov district MTS). Lihachevsky MTS first served 30 collective Alexeevski district.

According to the Soviet census of 1939 640 people lived in Likhachevo.

On October 20, 1941 the Nazis occupied Likhachevo. 38 boys and girls were sent to work as Nazi slave laborer in Germany. 15 people from the village joined the partisans in Alexeevski district, whose leaders were Secretary of the Communist Party VS Ulyanov and executive committee chairman AG Buznyka.

Likhachevo repeatedly became the site of fierce fighting. During the war, it changed hands four times. On September 16, 1943 troops of the Steppe Front finally liberated Likhachevo.

In 1946 a midwifery unit began to operate in the town and in 1948 a hospital was built and two doctors and three nurses were employed there.

In 1947 a kindergarten was built.

On December 25, 1948 Likhachevo became the center of the Council of Agriculture, who controlled the farm Pervomajskij, Our Way.

In 1950 a high school was built and enrollment was 824 students and 28 teachers worked.

On June 24, 1952 settlement Likhachevo was renamed Pervomajskij.


Pervomaiskyi is situated on the Pivdina Zalisnitsa railway line and thhe railway station at Pervomaiskyi is called Lehacheovoe or in Russian Lekhachova. Pervomaiskyi is also a main road hub which links many other cities like Lozovaya, Merefa, Balakleya and Izum together with the Kharkiv Oblast.


Pervomaiskyi was planned as a colony for the workers and clerical staff of the Khimprom "The Chemical Factory". Until the fall of the USSR in 1992, the city's inhabitants had good earnings but after the fall of USSR the city's inhabitants saw a big collapse in city's economy. Many became jobless. However in late 1990s some private companies moved into Pervomaiskyi. Some of private companies are listed below:

  • Roma (A bakery factory in city's heart near market.)
  • Ekipaj (A firm offering plastic cum metal windows and doors.)
  • Tetra (Wheat and Rice refining factory )
  • Piramida (A firm offering plastic cum metal windows and doors.)
  • Start (A sausage production unit near Railway Station)
  • Blesk (A detergent whole sale and retail supermarket near bazar)
  • Raf-Graf (An upcoming graphic designing and advertising firm)

There are many small shops which offer variety of products from needles to computers. A Bewery is planned near the 6th Mikroregion.[citation needed]


Pervomaiskyi originally had just 2 schools till 1977. Now It has 7 secondary schools among those is only 1 Russian Medium the rest are Ukrainian Medium. Pervomaiskiy has 14 Baby Day-Care Centres (Detski Sad) which are all Ukrainian Medium. There is one college offering Technical Education after 9th Class in many fields like Cooking, Tractor Building, Driving, Heavy Wheel Drving, Field Fertalizing and so on.

Geography and climate[edit]

As Pervomaiskyi lies just around 95 km south of Kharkov so its climate and weather does not almost differs from Kharkov.Pervomaiskyi's climate is moderate continental: cold and snowy winters, and hot summers. The seasonal average temperatures are not too cold in winter, not too hot in summer: −6.9 °C (19.6 °F) in January, and 20.3 °C (68.5 °F) in July. The average rainfall totals 513 mm (20 in) per year, with the most in June and July.

Climate data for Pervomaiskyi,Kharkiv District, Ukraine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2.8
Average low °C (°F) −8.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 44
[citation needed]


Pervomaiskiy has 2 newspapers working within the Region and City and 2 Private TV Channels. Here is a list of media working in Pervomaiskyi.

  • Pervomaiskiy-info (A free Newspaper publishing advertisements and announcements) Working Since 2006
  • Znamiya Truda (A prepaid Newspaper owned by Reigional Administration working since 1920)
  • Gorizont or Horizon TV Channel working since 1990
  • Nadiya or Nadia TV working since 1993

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 49°23′N 36°13′E / 49.383°N 36.217°E / 49.383; 36.217