Petrila

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Petrila
Town
Coat of arms of Petrila
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 45°27′0″N 23°25′12″E / 45.45000°N 23.42000°E / 45.45000; 23.42000Coordinates: 45°27′0″N 23°25′12″E / 45.45000°N 23.42000°E / 45.45000; 23.42000
Country  Romania
County Hunedoara County
Government
 • Mayor Ilie Păducel (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 308.68 km2 (119.18 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 21,373
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.petrila.ro/

Petrila (Romanian pronunciation: [peˈtrila]; Hungarian: Petrilla) is a town in the Jiu Valley, Hunedoara County, Romania. It is located near the junction of the East Jiu with Taia and Jieţ Creeks.

The town administers four villages: Cimpa (Csimpa), Jieț (Zsiec), Răscoala (Reszkola) and Tirici.

History[edit]

A Romanian town in the Carpathian Mountains, Petrila is an ancient settlement, but its existence was not documented until 1493 in a donation letter between Vladislav the First, King of Hungary and a Romanian prince named Mihai Cande.

The name of the town was noted in 1733 as coming from the Latin word “petrinus” ("pietros" in Romanian), which can be translated into English to mean “of stone”, a reference to the large coal deposits in the area that would become a profitable export in the Industrial Revolution. The exploitation of coal deposits in and around Petrila made the town grow as a single-industry town, revolving either around the mining of coal or the processing of the coal mined there, which is listed under the grade “Pitcoal”. Mining operations began in 1840, but the town would remain sparsely populated until the arrival of Moldovian workers forced to relocate by the former president of Romania Nicolae Ceauşescu under Communist rule. The restructuring of the economy since 1989 has led to a decrease in production and supply for the region, including Petrila.

It was the site in recent times of the Petrila Mine disaster, wherein two methane gas explosions in a coal mine on November 15, 2008 killed at least 12 miners and/or rescue workers. This is not the first time this millennium a coal mine in Petrila has suffered such an incident; another similar incident occurred in 2001.[1]

Economy[edit]

The mining in the town began in 1840 and the peak production of coal was in 1984 1,255,240 tonnes, since then it decreased to 504,000 tonnes.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 19,955 —    
1966 24,796 +24.3%
1977 25,173 +1.5%
1992 29,302 +16.4%
2002 28,742 −1.9%
2011 21,373 −25.6%
Source: Census data

As of 2011, it had a population of 21,373. Of these, 93.97% were Romanians, 4.9% Hungarians and 0.73% Roma.

Natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]