|Member of the Australian Parliament
11 April 1992 – 25 November 1992
13 March 1993 – 2 March 1996
|Preceded by||Bob Hawke|
|Succeeded by||Kelvin Thomson|
|Born||Philip Ronald Cleary
8 December 1952
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Philip Ronald Cleary (born 8 December 1952) is an Australian commentator on politics and sport, particularly Australian rules football, and a former independent politician elected at the 1992 Wills by-election.
Football playing career
Cleary first came to notice as a prominent player and coach in Victoria's second-level Australian rules football competition, the then Victorian Football Association (now VFL), for Coburg Football Club (now the Coburg Tigers, affiliated with the Richmond Football Club). He debuted with the club in 1975, playing 205 games - second only to Dave Starbuck in Coburg club history - and kicking 317 goals. He was a member of the 1979 premiership side and losing 1980 side. He coached the club between 1984–92 (captain coach between 1984–87, upon which he retired as a player), before leading them to back-to-back premierships in 1988–89. In the 1986 VFA grand final against Williamstown he was sensationally ordered off, only to be found not guilty at the tribunal. He coached the VFA representative side on five occasions without losing a game. He now coaches at a junior level for West Coburg.
At the Wills by-election of 11 April 1992, caused by the resignation of former Prime Minister Bob Hawke, Phil Cleary was elected as an independent to the Australian House of Representatives from a field of 22 candidates, becoming the only non-Labor member to have ever held the seat. However, his election was successfully challenged in the High Court and declared void on 25 November, as Cleary was on unpaid leave from the Victorian Education Department, and the Constitution of Australia forbids people employed by the Crown from standing for election. No second by-election was held, as a general election was expected within a few months. At the 13 March 1993 election, Cleary stood again and won again.
Cleary lost the seat to Labor at the 1996 federal election. Wills had undergone a redistribution, by adding territory to the division, which weakened Cleary's notional position against Labor. Cleary's vote of 22.7% was a decrease of 6.7% from the 29.4% he polled in 1993, on different boundaries. It was a decrease of 2.6% from 25.3% he notionally polled on the new boundaries, but that is not a very meaningful figure since it assumes that he polled no votes in the territory added to the division.
Described as left-leaning and a socialist, Cleary himself eschewed labels. While advocating an Australian Republic, he broke with the Australian Republican Movement (ARM) over disagreement about how the President of Australia should be chosen, forming a group called "Real Republic", which advocated direct election of the President as opposed to the model advocated by Malcolm Turnbull of the ARM, under which the President would be chosen by a joint sitting of the Parliament, and which was the model proposed in the 1999 referendum.
Cleary has been a part of the ABC's telecast of VFA/VFL football as a match-day commentator since 1987, juggling coaching and commentary duties for the first five seasons. He now conducts interviews and acts as a boundary rider for the match of the day, writes a weekly column for the football magazine Inside Football and regularly appears in the media on a range of social and political issues. He has campaigned to stop male violence against women since his sister was murdered by her former partner in 1987. He is a freelance journalist and public speaker and is the author of three books, Cleary Independent, Just Another Little Murder, and Getting Away with Murder. He currently works as communications manager for the Electrical Trades Union.
In a much published defamation case in 2010, it was alleged that, in his 2005 book Getting Away with Murder, Cleary had accused barrister Dyson Hore-Lacy of helping a man who killed his own wife to manufacture a provocation defence. Hore-Lacy won the case and was awarded $630,000 in damages.
- Cleary, P. 1998, Cleary Independent, HarperCollins Publishers.
- Cleary, P. 2003, Just Another Little Murder", Allen & Unwin.
- Cleary, P. 2005, Getting Away With Murder: The True Story of Julie Ramage's Death", Allen & Unwin.
- Vizard, Steve, Two Weeks in Lilliput: Bear Baiting and Backbiting At the Constitutional Convention (Penguin, 1998, ISBN 0-14-027983-0)
- Cleary runs as Independent ABC News. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- The Age (2010)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2007)|
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for Wills