Philip I, Duke of Burgundy

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Philip I
Duke of Burgundy
Marketa Filip1.jpg
Philip with his wife Margaret
Spouse Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
Father Philip II, Count of Auvergne
Mother Joan I of Auvergne and Boulogne
Born 1346
Rouvres-en-Plaine Castle
Died 21 November 1361(1361-11-21)
Rouvres-en-Plaine Castle
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philip I of Burgundy, also Philip II of Palatine Burgundy, Philip III of Artois, Philip III of Boulogne and Auvergne, nicknamed Philip of Rouvres (1346 – November 21, 1361) was Duke of Burgundy from 1350 until his death. Philip was the only son of Philip of Burgundy, heir to the Duchy of Burgundy, and Joanna I, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne. He succeeded his grandfather when he was only three years old. His deceased father was the only child of Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, and of Joan III, Countess of Burgundy and Artois.

Philip, in his own right, held the counties of Artois and Burgundy from 1349 (inherited from his grandmother), the Duchy of Burgundy from 1350 (inherited from his grandfather) and the counties of Auvergne and Boulogne from 1360 (inherited from his mother). In 1357, by marrying the future Countess Margaret III of Flanders, then heiress of Flanders, he was promised the counties of Flanders, Nevers, Rethel, and Antwerp, and the duchies of Brabant, and Limburg. Most of these lands were located in the Low Countries.

His mother Joanna, who became Queen of France after her remarriage to King John II of France, governed Burgundy as Philip's guardian until her death in September 1360. Philip was declared of age on 20 October the same year.

In 1361 at the age of 15, Philip fell sick with the plague and died before he could consummate his marriage to Margaret. With his death, the direct descendants of all four of his grandparents also became extinct. Because there was no single heir to all his possessions, they were divided up once more amongst the families from which they had descended to Philip: John II of France, Philip's stepfather, inherited the Duchy of Burgundy as one of its most direct heirs; Margaret I of Artois, grandmother of Philip's wife, inherited the Counties of Burgundy and Artois; and John of Boulogne inherited Auvergne and Boulogne. Margaret, Dowager Countess of Flanders, had inherited Artois and Franche-Comté.

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

Philip I, Duke of Burgundy
Born: 1346 Died: 21 November 1361
Preceded by
Odo IV
Duke of Burgundy
1350–1361
Succeeded by
John I
Preceded by
Joan III
Count of Artois and Burgundy
1349–1361
Succeeded by
Margaret I
Preceded by
Joan I
Count of Auvergne and Boulogne
1360–1361
Succeeded by
John I