Phu Phan Mountains

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Phu Phan Mountains
ทิวเขาภูพาน
Phu Phan Mountains - view from Wat Tham Kham.jpg
Phu Phan Mountains, view from Wat Tham Kham
Highest point
Peak Phu Lang Ka
Elevation 624 m (2,047 ft)
Coordinates 16°46′22″N 104°21′45″E / 16.77278°N 104.36250°E / 16.77278; 104.36250Coordinates: 16°46′22″N 104°21′45″E / 16.77278°N 104.36250°E / 16.77278; 104.36250
Dimensions
Length 180 km (110 mi) NW/SE
Width 50 km (31 mi) NE/SW
Geography
Isaanmountains.png
Map of Isan showing the Phu Phan Range
Country Thailand
State/Province Nong Bua Lamphu
Udon Thani
Sakon Nakhon
Nakhon Phanom
Kalasin
Roi Et
Maha Sarakham
Mukdahan
Geology
Period Early Cretaceous
Type of rock Sandstone and siltstone

The Phu Phan mountains (Thai: ทิวเขาภูพาน, Thio Khao Phu Phan, IPA: [tʰiw kʰǎw pʰuː pʰaːn]) are a range of hills dividing the Khorat Plateau of the Isan region of Thailand into two basins: the northern Sakhon Nakhon Basin, and the southern Khorat Basin.[1]

The silhouette of the Phu Phan Mountains appears in the provincial seal of Kalasin since they form the northern boundary of the province.[2]

The Phu Phan mountains are among the places in Thailand more severely affected by the Illegal logging of Phayung (Siamese Rosewood) trees. Although officially a protected tree, the cutting and trading of the endangered rosewood trees has been going unabated in Thailand's mountainous forested zones, even in the protected areas. In Thailand and in China this wood is highly valued in the furniture industry.[3][4]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the range is derived from the characteristic tabletop shape of its peaks, for phan is a kind of traditional tray on a pedestal.

Phu is the word for mountain in the Isan/Lao language (as opposed to khao in Central and Southern Thai and doi in Northern Thai).

Geography[edit]

The Phu Phan Mountains rise above the plateau and are not prominent. They straddle most of the provinces of northern and eastern Isan, including Khon Kaen, Nong Bua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Kalasin, Roi Et, Maha Sarakham and Mukdahan Province.

The highest elevation of the Phu Phan Range is the 641 m high summit known as Phu Lang Ka.[5] It is located in Nakhon Phanom Province. Other important peaks are 624 m high Phu Mai Hia in Mukdahan Province[6] and the 563 m high summit known as Phu Langka Nuea in Nakhon Phanom Province.

The hills are mostly deforested, although patches covered with mixed deciduous forest remain in zones spread across the range.[7]

The Phu Phan Royal Palace is located within the area of the mountains, as is the Nam Un dam.[8] Other local sights are Lake Nong Han near Sakon Nakhon and the Khmer style chedi ruins of Phu Phek, dating from 1050.

Protected areas[edit]

The area of the Phu Phan mountains includes national parks and other protected areas:[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]