Phu Phan Mountains
|Phu Phan Mountains|
Phu Phan Mountains, view from Wat Tham Kham
|Peak||Phu Lang Ka|
|Elevation||624 m (2,047 ft)|
|Length||180 km (110 mi) NW/SE|
|Width||50 km (31 mi) NE/SW|
|State/Province||Nong Bua Lamphu
|Type of rock||Sandstone and siltstone|
The Phu Phan mountains (Thai: ทิวเขาภูพาน, Thio Khao Phu Phan, IPA: [tʰiw kʰǎw pʰuː pʰaːn]) are a range of hills dividing the Khorat Plateau of the Isan region of Thailand into two basins: the northern Sakhon Nakhon Basin, and the southern Khorat Basin.
The Phu Phan mountains are among the places in Thailand more severely affected by the Illegal logging of Phayung (Siamese Rosewood) trees. Although officially a protected tree, the cutting and trading of the endangered rosewood trees has been going unabated in Thailand's mountainous forested zones, even in the protected areas. In Thailand and in China this wood is highly valued in the furniture industry.
The Phu Phan Mountains rise above the plateau and are not prominent. They straddle most of the provinces of northern and eastern Isan, including Khon Kaen, Nong Bua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Kalasin, Roi Et, Maha Sarakham and Mukdahan Province.
The highest elevation of the Phu Phan Range is the 641 m high summit known as Phu Lang Ka. It is located in Nakhon Phanom Province. Other important peaks are 624 m high Phu Mai Hia in Mukdahan Province and the 563 m high summit known as Phu Langka Nuea in Nakhon Phanom Province.
The Phu Phan Royal Palace is located within the area of the mountains, as is the Nam Un dam. Other local sights are Lake Nong Han near Sakon Nakhon and the Khmer style chedi ruins of Phu Phek, dating from 1050.
- Phu Phan National Park
- Phu Wiang National Park
- Than Ngam Forest Park
- Kosam Phi Forest Park
- Nam Phong National Park
- Phu Faek Forest Park
- Phu Kao–Phu Phan Kham National Park
- Phu Pha Lek National Park
- Huai Huat National Park (Phu Pha Yon)
- Phu Phra Bat Buabok Forest Park