Portal:Saints/Selected biography/2

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Painting, c. 1485. The only known portrait for which she sat has not survived, so all depictions of her represent artistic license

Saint Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc; c. 1412 – 30 May 1431) also known as "the Maid of Orleans," is a national heroine of France and saint of the Roman Catholic Church. A peasant girl born in eastern France, she led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War, claiming divine guidance, and was indirectly responsible for the coronation of Charles VII. She was captured by the English, tried by an ecclesiastical court, and burned at the stake when she was nineteen years old. Twenty-four years later, the Holy See reviewed the decision of the ecclesiastical court, found her innocent, and declared her a martyr. She was beatified in 1909 and later canonized in 1920. Joan of Arc has remained an important figure in Western culture. From Napoleon to the present, French politicians of all leanings have invoked her memory. Major writers and composers who have created works about her include Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, Twain, and Shaw. Depictions of her continue in film, television, video games, song, and dance.