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|Elevation||561 m (1,841 ft)|
|Area||38.90 km2 (15.02 sq mi)|
|Density||303 / km2 (785 / sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||383 01|
The town of Prachatice has its origins in the 11th century, following the beginning of trade on the Golden Path (an important salt trade route beginning in Passau, Bavaria). The property on which the town now stands was initially part of the domain of Vyšehrad and first came to prominence when the domain's provost purchased the right to impose a toll on traffic on the Golden Path. The settlement later grew in importance when, in the 13th century, it was granted the right to store the salt that was traded on the Golden Path. This privilege made Prachatice the only town in Southern Bohemia that could buy the salt that was sent out of Passau.
During the Hussite Wars of the 15th century, Prachatice was attacked twice and eventually conquered by the Hussites who massacred most of the population of the town. After the end of the brutal conflict, in 1436, Prachatice was granted the status of royal town. Only one year later the town was offered as collateral to Jan Smil of Krems by King Zikmund (Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor), but fell under the control of the House of Rožmberk for a short period following Smil's execution in 1439 at Böhmisch Krummau (Český Krumlov). Oldřich of Rožmberk sold the town of Prachatice almost immediately after the execution but it again became property of the family in 1501.
The Rožmberks controlled Prachatice through its most prosperous period until 1601 when Petr Vok, the last member of the family, sold the town to Emperor Rudolf II who would again make it a royal town. It remained firmly under Imperial control until the Rebellion of the Bohemian Estates during which it sided with the rebels. However, in 1620 the town was reconquered by the Imperial commander Karel Buquoy (Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy) who ordered many of its citizens to be slaughtered and a large ransom to be paid to the emperor.
After the Battle of White Mountain the town lost its status and privileges and became the property of the Eggenberg family, though the emperor's troops remained in the city throughout the remainder of the Thirty Years' War. Later on in the war the city was conquered by the Swedish army and another large ransom was demanded.
Until 1918 Prachatitz (bilingual name after 1890) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867), in the district of the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.
1869: 4,911 inhabitants
The historical character of the city center has been protected since 1981.
The dominating industries are machine engineering, electrotechnical industry and timber processing. A new industrial zone has been built.
- Křišťan of Prachatice
- John Neumann, first American male saint, born in 1811
- Josef Messner (1822–1862), writer
- Adolf Zika, photographer
- Jiří Fried
- Jan Hus
- Irma Krützner, writer and poet, lived here in 1915 - 1946
- Leo Vaniš, educator
- Otakar Ševčík
- See also detailed list.
- Town hall (Stará radnice)
- Church of St. James (Kostel svatého Jakuba)
Prachatice is twinned with:
- Zvolen in Slovakia
- Rahačoŭ in Belarus
- Impruneta in Italy
- Ignalina in Lithuania
- Grainet in Germany
- Waldkirchen in Germany
- Mauthausen in Austria
- Terra del Sole in Italy
- Municipal website (Czech) English version (English)
- Details of early town history (Czech)
- Region of Prachatice (English)
- Prachatice (English) - basic facts, history, sights, one-day trips
- Kratochvile Chateau (English) - general info, history, exhibitions, opening hours, prices
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