Priverno

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Priverno
Comune
Comune di Priverno

View of the Fossanova Abbey   mapx=41.44
View of the Fossanova Abbey

mapx=41.44
Coat of arms of Priverno
Coat of arms
Priverno is located in Italy
Priverno
Priverno
Location of Priverno in Italy
Coordinates: 41°28′N 13°11′E / 41.467°N 13.183°E / 41.467; 13.183Coordinates: 41°28′N 13°11′E / 41.467°N 13.183°E / 41.467; 13.183
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Latina (LT)
Frazioni Boschetto, Casale, Case Alloggio Ferrovieri, Ceriara, Colle Rotondo, Colle San Pietro, Colle Sughereto, Fascia, Fornillo, Fossanova, Gricilli, Le Crete, Maccalè, Mezzagosto, Montalcide, Osteria dei Pignatari, Perazzette, Pruneto, San Martino, Stazione Fossanova, Stradone Grotte
Government
 • Mayor Umberto Macci
Area
 • Total 56 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Population (30 April 2008)
 • Total 14,161
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Demonym Privernati or Pipernesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 04015
Dialing code 0773
Patron saint St. Thomas Aquinas
Saint day March 7
Website Official website

Priverno is a town and comune in the province of Latina, Lazio, central Italy. It has a station of the Rome-Naples railway mainline. Nearby is the Monti Lepini chain. It was called Piperno until 1927. It was the birthplace of the canonist Reginald of Piperno.

History[edit]

Robinia pseudoacacia in Priverno summer city

Privernum is described by Livy as a flourishing Volscian site, which was conquered and destroyed by the Romans in the late 4th century BC. The Appian Way passed nearby. The town recovered under the Roman rule, but disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, probably destroyed by Saracen attacks.

It was later a minor center of the Papal States, to which it belonged until the capture of Rome in 1870.

Main sights[edit]

Nearby is the famous Abbey of Fossanova, which is where the town's patron saint, St. Thomas Aquinas died on March 7, 1274. Also notable are the churches of:

  • Santa Maria Assunta (Cathedral), consecrated by Pope Lucius II in 1183. It houses a panel of the Madonna d'Agosto, and St. Thomas' skull.
  • San Benedetto, built by the Benedictines from the 7th century AD; it includes 13th and 16th centuries frescoes
  • San Giovanni Evengelista (c. 9th century, rebuilt in the 13th century). It has 13th-15th century frescoes, including stories of St. Catherine (14th century), a Madonna with Child (15th century)
  • San Tommaso d'Aquino (13th century)
  • San Nicola' (13th century)

Lay buildings include the Villa Gallio, a residence of Cardinal Bartolomeo Gallio, the Communal Palace (13th century), with the Dolphin Fountain by Giuseppe Olivieri and the Porta San Marco and Porta Posterola, the only remains of the seven gates once giving access to Priverno. Remains of the old Privernum are located outside the town, including parts of the walls, baths, three partician houses and a temple. Here a colossal statue of Tiberius (now in the Vatican Museum) was found in the late 18th century.