Province of Rovigo

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Province of Rovigo
Province
Map highlighting the location of the province of Rovigo in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Rovigo in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Veneto
Capital(s) Rovigo
Comuni 50
Government
 • President Tiziana Michela Virgili
Area
 • Total 1,789 km2 (691 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 244,625
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 45100, 45010-45039
Telephone prefix 0425, 0426
Vehicle registration RO
ISTAT 029
The Po river as it enters the province of Rovigo near Melara.
The Adige river as it enters the province of Rovigo near Badia Polesine.

The Province of Rovigo (Provincia di Rovigo) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Rovigo. It borders on the north with the provinces of Verona, Padua and Venice, on the south with the province of Ferrara, on the west with the province of Mantua, and on the east with the Adriatic Sea.

Geography and demographics[edit]

The province of Rovigo corresponds with[1] or is full included into[2] contemporary Polesine. It has an area of 1,789 km² and a total population of 244,625 inhabitants (2005). It is a plain whose elevation is from -2 m to 15 m.[3]

The northern border is set on the Adige river from Badia Polesine to the sea, except for the territory of Cavarzere (in the province of Venice); the southern border is set on the Po river from Melara to the sea. The province includes the whole delta of the Po and the border is set on the Po di Goro channel of the delta.

The rivers Po and Adige have had a stable course only in recent times. The land is of relatively recent formation, created by drifts taken by the rivers, and subsidence occurs due to natural consolidation as well as to human activities such as drainage, groundwater extraction and methane extraction.[4]

The Canal Bianco is the only other river that flows across the province. Many canals for drainage have been dug in the province of Rovigo because the Po and the Adige are the first and the third biggest rivers of Italy as for rate of flow and the land has a huge amount of water to deal with; the main canals are the Collettore Padano, the Ceresolo and the Valdentro.

Other streams of historic importance are the Adigetto (a former course of the Adige), the Poazzo (a former course of the Po) and the Fossa Polesella (a former waterway connecting the Canal Bianco with the Po).

The climate is mild continental with high humidity, having sultry summers and foggy winters; precipitation is normal, usually happens in spring and autumn.[4]

There are 50 comuni (singular: comune) in the province [1]. As of June 30, 2005, the main comuni by population are:

Comune Population
Rovigo 50,922
Adria 20,593
Porto Viro 14,484
Lendinara 12,198
Badia Polesine 10,741
Occhiobello 10,621
Porto Tolle 10,377
Taglio di Po 8,389
Rosolina 6,304
Villadose 5,285

The province of Rovigo suffers the emigration phenomenon even nowadays: young people still use to emigrate to more developed areas of Veneto and of Italy; this leads to population ageing. There are still migrations from rural areas to more developed towns within the boundaries of the province.[4]

The various towns and villages are due to be connected by the SS434 "Transpolesana",[5] a long highway planned to cross nearly the entire province; right now it connects Verona just with Rovigo. A13 toll motorway, connecting Bologna with Padua, and SS309 "Romea" State Road, connecting Venice with Ravenna, pass through the zone.

The motorway exits in the province of Rovigo are Occhiobello, Villamarzana-Rovigo sud and Rovigo.

History[edit]

The territory of the province was first colonized by the Greeks, who founded in the 12th-11th centuries BC the colony of Adria. During the 6th and 5th centuries BC Etruscans and Venetians inhabited the area, followed by the Romans.

In the Middle Ages the Este were the rulers, but anyway the territory was not an administrative unit of the duchy; more than one Podesteria was even set over both sides of the Po river.

After the War of Ferrara in 1484 the Republic of Venice started ruling over the northern part of Polesine; the Venetians set it as a territorio whose capital was Rovigo, thus giving the area an administrative unity for the first time. This can be viewed as the start of the province of Rovigo, though the extension was a bit less than nowadays because the borders were set on the Canal Bianco river with few exceptions: the territories of Polesella, Guarda Veneta, Adria and the delta of the Po were included in the Venetian territorio of Rovigo.

After the Congress of Vienna in 1815 all the territories to the north of the Po were included into the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, thus giving the province of Rovigo the extension it has nowadays.

Economy[edit]

The province is characterized by a thriving agriculture, particularly the cultivation of wheat, maize, rice and sugar beets[2] as well as grapevines, apples, pears, peaches, tomatoes and vegetables.[4]

There are small to medium size factories set in the city of Rovigo and few other centres of the province: they mainly are about food processing (many are sugar refineries[2]), metalworking, carpentry, textile, construction and construction materials.[4] Many Aquaculture farms are set in the wetlands of the delta of the Po.[2]

The province of Rovigo has some famous holiday villages, as Rosolina Mare, Rosa Pineta, and Albarella Island (Isola di Albarella in Italian).

Delta and nature delta park[edit]

The eastern portion of the province corresponds with the delta of River Po, a large area where the river subdivides into channels (each with its own name). The delta is also a protected area, because it's a national-legally recognized nature park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Italian) "polesine", Il Vocabolario Treccani, Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 1992 
  2. ^ a b c d (Italian) "Polesine", Sapere.it, Novara: De Agostini, 2002 
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat
  4. ^ a b c d e (Italian) "Rovigo (provincia)", Sapere.it, cit. 
  5. ^ State Road 434; the proper name "Transpolesana" means "through Polesine"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°4′N 11°47′E / 45.067°N 11.783°E / 45.067; 11.783