Panorama from the height of "Croce"
|Elevation||600 - 1,300 m (−3,700 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||84057 (Laurino)
84070 (Valle dell'Angelo)
|Dialing code||(+39) 0974|
Pruno is a forest in the Campania region of southern Italy. It is the largest woodlands of central Cilento region. The hamlets (frazioni) with this name are situated in the municipalities of Valle dell'Angelo, Laurino and Piaggine.
Pruno represents one of the most unpolluted natural areas of Campania and also one of the lesser inhabited territories of Southern Italy. It is protected within the Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park, and is part of the Cilento World Heritage Site.
Pruno is situated in south of the Province of Salerno, in the Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park. The forest is located between Mount Gelbison and Mount Cervati mounts, at elevations between 600–1,300 metres (2,000–4,300 ft) above mean sea level.
The area is extended not only in the comunes of Valle dell'Angelo, Laurino and Piaggine; but also in Cannalonga, Campora, Rofrano, Sanza, Novi Velia and Monte San Giacomo. The mountains of the areas are Vesalo, Monaco, Faiatella, Scanno del Tesoro, Raia del Pedale, and Tuzzi di Monte Piano. There are also the springs of Calore River, and some caves with prehistoric rock art.
The middle of the forest is known as Croce di Pruno (Cross of Pruno), a crossroad between the provincial road Piaggine-Rofrano (one of two completely covered with asphalt) and some trails, as the Inghiottitoio (Swallow), to Laurino / Campora (also covered with asphalt), and others to Cannalonga and San Menale. Major plains are the Piana of Roti and Campolongo.
Villages of Pruno
Population in the three rural villages of Pruno amounts almost in 40 inhabitants. It could be considered as a singular scattered village divided into 3 parts, for its common history and also due to a legislative singularity for Italian municipal law.
- Pruno di Laurino
Pruno di Laurino (loccally named simply Pruno) is situated along the Piaggine-Rofrano road, in south of the Croce di Pruno. It is composed by an extended group of circa 15 scattered farmhouses and populated by 25 people. Nearby the village there is a canyon with some little caves (Grotte di Sant'Elena) and the village was interested by the phenomena of the Brigandage in the Two Sicilies in the first half of 19th century. It was in fact the headquarters for a band of brigands guided by Giuseppe Tardio. It is the most populated side of Pruno and counts a rural school closed in 1960s and restored into 2000s as historical building. Its main road belongs to the municipality of Rofrano, consisting in a strip of territory. For this reason the village is sometimes also named Pruno di Rofrano.
- Pruno di Valle dell'Angelo
Pruno di Valle dell'Angelo (locally named Pruno Casalettaro) is a rural village, one of the last in Europe. It is located in a detour of Piaggine-Rofrano road, on a trail to Cannalonga and close to a canyon named Quarantana. It is composed of circa 8 farmhouses and populated by 12-15 ancient people, with a rhythm of life similar to the one of 19th century, where electrical energy was fasted only in 1992. The community, impronted into animal husbandry and agriculture, is de facto autonomous and the village is indicated as a point of touristic interest.
- Pruno di Piaggine
Pruno di Piaggine (locally named Pruno Chiainaro) is the littlest village of the 3. It is situated on a trial from Pruno di Valle dell'Angelo to Rofrano. It is composed by some scattered farmhouses and the population amounts of 10 inhabitants circa.
The villages of Valle dell'Angelo and Piaggine are situated in the municipal territory of Laurino, but these hamlets are not exclaves of their municipality. However their inhabitants have the citizenship of Valle and Piaggine, and ownership of their houses.
- Name meaning the fruit of prunus tree in Cilentan dialect, which is "prugna" in italian
- (Italian) Historical info on web page of Laurino
- (Italian) Schedule about Giuseppe Tardio on brigantaggio.net
- Map of Pruno showing municipal borders on OpenStreetMap
- (Italian) Info on web page, of Valle dell'Angelo
- (Italian) Infos on Luarino municipal site
- (Italian) Infos of Valle dell'Angelo municipal site
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pruno (Cilento).|