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Music is in the public domain as with any other work in the public domain:
all rights have expired or
the authors have explicitly put a work into the public domain
there never were copyrights
In the United States of America, no sound recording will enter the public domain until 2067, unless explicitly placed into the public domain by its creators or the recording was made by an employee or officer of the United States Government acting under their official duty, such as a recording of The Washington Post march by the United States Marine Corp. band.
BIEM is the international organisation representing mechanical rights societies. Mechanical rights societies exist in most countries. They license the reproduction of songs (including musical, literary and dramatic works). Their members are composers, authors and publishers and their clients are record companies and other users of recorded music. They also license mechanical aspects of the downloading of music via the Internet