A puisne judge or Puisne Justice (//; French: puisné or puîné, "junior") is a regular member of a Court, as opposed to head of the court or ex officio members (e.g. the Chancellor of the High Court with respect to the Court of Appeal in England and Wales). The term is used almost exclusively in common law jurisdictions such as England, Australia, Canada, India, Gibraltar, Kenya, Sri Lanka and formerly in Hong Kong. Although the United States is, in most respects, a common law jurisdiction, it does not use the term. The most similar equivalent terms is "associate justice", used, for example, in relation to the U.S. Supreme Court (and several state Supreme Courts).
- Louisiana being a notable exception
- 28 U.S. Code § 1.
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