Puna, Hawaii

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Coordinates: 19°29′37.61″N 155°00′34.88″W / 19.4937806°N 155.0096889°W / 19.4937806; -155.0096889

The districts of the Big Island. From Northernmost, clockwise; North Kohala, Hāmākua, North Hilo, South Hilo, Puna (highlighted), Kaʻū, South Kona, North Kona, and South Kohala
The Island of Hawaiʻi is divided into 9 Lava Flow Hazard Zones, which are unrelated to, and not to be confused with, the 9 District "zones". These Lava Flow Hazard Zones are numbered according to the degree of hazard from inundation by lava flows. Zone 1 is the area of the "greatest" hazard, where lava is most likely to come from the ground, and coincides with the rift zones of the two most active volcanoes (Mauna Loa and Kīlauea). Zone 9, consisting of the extinct volcano Kohala, is the area considered to be of the least hazard, since this area has not had any lava flows in thousands of years. Lava Hazard Zones in Puna are all Lava Hazard Zones 1, 2 and 3; the most dangerous according to the USGS.

Puna is one of the nine districts in Hawaiʻi County, Big Island, Hawaii.


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References[edit]

  1. ^ Hawaii County Data Book
  2. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of puna". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. , Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Puna". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 
  3. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3-1
  4. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–8
  5. ^ Yamamoto, Luci, and Gorry, Conner. 2011. Lonely Planet Discover Hawaii the Big Island (Travel Guide). Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 978-1742204659.
  6. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–12
  7. ^ [[Community Management Associates for the County of Hawaiʻi , Puna Community Development Plan Technical Report, 1995.]]
  8. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Introduction pg 1-1
  9. ^ Hawaiʻi Department of Agriculture – History of Agriculture in Hawaiʻi
  10. ^ Hawaii Sugar Planters' Association, Plantation Archives – Register of the Puna/Olaa Sugar Company
  11. ^ County of Hawaiʻi agricultural website regarding coffee
  12. ^ Fact sheet from The Hershey Company website about Mauna Loa macadamia nuts
  13. ^ Special to KPUA.net by H.I.E.D.B Hawaii Island Economic Development Board
  14. ^ Hawaiian Springs – Our Story page
  15. ^ Hawaiian Springs Water Locater
  16. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Introduction pg 1–2 & 1–3
  17. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Introduction pg 1–4 & 1–5
  18. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 2 pg 2-1 & 2-2
  19. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 2 pg 2–3
  20. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–11
  21. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–14
  22. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–15 & 3–16
  23. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 3 pg 3–19
  24. ^ Geothermal Venture, Puna
  25. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 4 pg 4-1
  26. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 4 pg 4-3
  27. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 4 pg 4–5
  28. ^ Puna Community Development Plan Chapter 4 pg 4–8
  29. ^ USGS website with detailed historical account of Kīlauea lava flows
  30. ^ Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park – Closed Areas & Advisories
  31. ^ Choi, Kenny (27 June 2014). "New Video: Pu'u O'o crater develops new outlet for lava". KITV 4. kitv.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  32. ^ "Lava on track to reach Pahoa in two weeks". Honolulu Star Advertiser. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  33. ^ Nakaso, Dan; Moseley, Megan (4 September 2014). "Big Isle resident vows to stay until lava burns house". Honolulu Star Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  34. ^ "Lava slows, misses first homes for now". Volcano Discovery. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  35. ^ "Pahoa Transfer Station to Close Friday". Big Island Now. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "Lava enters Pahoa cemetery grounds". KITV 4. kitv.com. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  37. ^ "Lava nears, evacuations loom". West Hawaii Today. Stevens Media. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  38. ^ "First house claimed by Puna lava flow". Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  39. ^ Ferracane, Jessica. ""End of the Road" will close during emergency route construction". National Park Service: Hawaii Volcano National Park. NPS. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  40. ^ "Lava-clearing to begin on Ka‘u side of historic road". West Hawaii Today. Stephens Media. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  41. ^ Princeville Hawaii House Prices
  42. ^ Pahoa Home Values
  43. ^ Realtor.Com
  44. ^ Leilani Estates Association
  45. ^ Puna Guide
  46. ^ State of Hawaii Insurance Statutes
  47. ^ State of Hawaii Insurance Statutes
  48. ^ Starbulletin April 22, 2007, article on Puna
  49. ^ Article on Property Insurance in Puna
  50. ^ Lava flow zone hazard maps USGS
  51. ^ Hazard zones for lava flows on Kilauea USGS
  52. ^ USGS Summary of the Pu`u `Ō `ō-Kupaianaha Eruption, 1983–present
  53. ^ College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR) University of Hawaii at Manoa
  54. ^ Free CTAHR Publications
  55. ^ The Tree that Ate Puna
  56. ^ Botanical entry for Albizia moluccana
  57. ^ Comment about hippie hangouts in Hawaii
  58. ^ Midweek Magazine Cover Story
  59. ^ Hawaiʻi County Council Biography