Pydna

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For a rocket station of the American Army in Germany, see Pydna (missile base). For the moth genus, see Pydna (moth).
Pydna
Πύδνα
Location
Pydna is located in Greece
Pydna
Pydna
Coordinates 40°22′N 22°35′E / 40.367°N 22.583°E / 40.367; 22.583Coordinates: 40°22′N 22°35′E / 40.367°N 22.583°E / 40.367; 22.583
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Macedonia
Regional unit: Pieria
Municipality: Pydna-Kolindros
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 3,258
 - Area: 105.59 km2 (41 sq mi)
 - Density: 31 /km2 (80 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 1,206
 - Area: 41.334 km2 (16 sq mi)
 - Density: 29 /km2 (76 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 78 m (256 ft)
Postal code: 600 64
Telephone: 23510
Auto: KN
Localization of Pydna

Pydna[pronunciation?] (in Greek: Πύδνα, older transliteration: Púdna) was a Greek city in ancient Macedon, the most important in Pieria. Modern Pydna is a small town and a former municipality in the northeastern part of Pieria regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pydna-Kolindros, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] Pydna is situated in fertile land close to the Thermaic Gulf coast. The main village of the former municipality is Kitros. It lies 6 km north of Korinos, 8 km south of Methoni and 13 km northeast of Katerini. Motorway 1 and the Piraeus–Platy railway (nearest station at Korinos) pass east of the village.

Ancient Pydna[edit]

Pydna was already a part of the Macedonian kingdom under Alexander I (Thucydides I.131.1). It was unsuccessfully besieged by the Athenians in 432 BC and again, after seceding from the Macedonian kingdom, in 410 BC by Archelaus I who successfully captured the city and transferred its population further inland, possibly at the site of modern Kitros; however, the old site was re-peopled in the early 4th century. The Athenians, under Timotheus, seized Pydna in 364-363 BC, only to have it retaken in 357 BC by Philip II of Macedon. Pydna would remain part of the kingdom of Macedonia until its Roman conquest. In 317 BC, Alexander III's mother, Olympias took refuge there to escape from Cassander's wrath, incurred by Olympias' scheming against Phillip III and his wife. Cassander besieged the city and managed to capture it during the spring of 316 BC.

The Battle of Pydna (June 22, 168 BC), in which the Roman general Aemilius Paulus defeated King Perseus, ended the reign of the Antigonid dynasty over Macedon.

Late in the first millennium of the Christian era Pydna became a bishopric under the name Kitros or Citrus. It is included in the Notitia Episcopatuum of Leo VI the Wise (866–912). Its bishop Germanus participated in the Photian Council of Constantinople (879). In the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade Citrus became a Latin Church diocese, as witnessed by a letter of Pope Innocent III in 1208, which does not give the name of the bishop of the see.[3][4][5][6][7] It is now listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[8]

Population[edit]

Year Community Municipal unit
1981 1,882 -
1991 1,789 4,678
2001 - 4,012
2011[1] 1,206 3,258

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 79-82
  4. ^ Raymond Janin, v. Citrus, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, coll. 998-999
  5. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 188; vol. 2, pp. XX e 129; vol. 3, p. 167; vol. 4, p. 151; vol. 5, p. 158
  6. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 79-82
  7. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 429
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 871

External links[edit]

See also[edit]