R. H. Bruce Lockhart
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Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart KCMG (2 September 1887 – 27 February 1970), was a journalist, author, secret agent, British diplomat in Moscow and Prague, and footballer. His 1932 book Memoirs of a British Agent became an international bestseller, and brought him to the world’s attention.
Bruce Lockhart was born in Anstruther, Fife, Scotland, the son of Robert Bruce Lockhart, the first headmaster of Spier’s School, Beith, Ayrshire, Scotland. His mother was a Macgregor, while his other ancestors include Bruces, Hamiltons, Cummings, Wallaces and Douglases. He also claimed he could trace a connection back to Boswell of Auchinleck. In his book, Memoirs of a British Agent, he wrote, "There is no drop of English blood in my veins."
His family were mostly schoolmasters. His brother John Harold Bruce Lockhart was the headmaster of Sedbergh School, while his nephews Rab Bruce Lockhart and Logie Bruce Lockhart went on to become headmasters of Loretto and Gresham’s. His great-nephew, Simon Bruce-Lockhart, is currently the headmaster of Glenlyon Norfolk School.
At the age of twenty-one, Bruce Lockhart went out to Malaya to join two uncles who were rubber planters there. According to his own account, he was sent to open up a new rubber estate near Pantai in Negeri Sembilan, in a district where "there were no other white men". He then "caused a minor sensation by carrying off Amai, the beautiful ward of the Dato’ Klana, the local Malay prince… my first romance". However, three years in Malaya, and one with Amai, came to an end when "…doctors pronounced Malaria, but there were many people who said that I had been poisoned". One of his uncles and one of his cousins "bundled my emaciated body into a motor car and… packed me off home via Japan and America". The Dato’ Klana in question was the chief of Sungei Ujong, the most important of the Nine States of Negeri Sembilan, whose palace was at Ampangan.
 Moscow posting
At the time of his arrival in Russia, people had heard that a great footballer named Lockhart from Cambridge was arriving, and he was invited to turn out for Morozov a textile factory team that played their games 30 miles east of Moscow – the manager of the cotton mill was from Lancashire, England. Bruce Lockhart played for most of the 1912 season and his team won the Moscow league championship that year. The great player however was Robert’s brother, John, who had played rugby union for Scotland, and by his own admission Robert barely deserved his place in the team and played simply for the love of the sport.
He soon returned to Russia at the behest of Prime Minister Lloyd George and Lord Milner as the United Kingdom’s first envoy to the Bolsheviks (Russia) in January 1918 in an attempt to counteract German influence.
Lockhart, on his return, was also working for the Secret Intelligence Service and had been given £648 worth of diamonds to fund the creation of an agent network in Russia.
Later, Bruce Lockhart spoke out for Arthur Ransome, saying he had been a valuable intelligence asset amid the worst chaos of the revolution. As the chaos worsened in Russia and purges took hold among the Bolshevik leaders, Lockhart recommended official assistance to bring Trotsky's secretary, Evgenia Petrovna Shelepina, to England.
Lockhart from then on was involved in numerous espionage plots against the Bolshevik government, including a plan to snatch Tsar Nicholas II from their custody.
 Siberian Intervention
Bruce Lockhart was asked in March 1918 to persuade the new Soviet government to allow a Japanese army onto Soviet territory to fight Germany on the Eastern Front.[dubious ] He was unsuccessful in this endeavour.
 Arrest and imprisonment
In 1918, Bruce Lockhart and fellow British agent, Sidney Reilly, were dramatically implicated in a plot to assassinate Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. He was accused of plotting against the Bolshevik regime and, for a time during 1918, was confined in the Kremlin as a prisoner and feared being condemned to death. However, he escaped trial in an exchange of "secret agents" for the Russian diplomat Maksim Maksimovich Litvinov.
He later wrote about his experiences in his 1932 autobiographical book, Memoirs of a British Agent which became an instant worldwide hit, and was made into the 1934 film British Agent by Warner Brothers.
 Second World War and after
During the Second World War, Lockhart became director-general of the Political Warfare Executive, co-ordinating all British propaganda against the Axis powers. He was also for a time the British liaison officer to the Czechoslovak government-in-exile under President Edvard Beneš.
 Personal life
Lockhart was the father of author Robin Bruce Lockhart, who wrote the 1967 book Ace of Spies — about his father’s friend and fellow agent Sidney Reilly — from which the 1983 miniseries Reilly, Ace of Spies was produced.
Lockhart died in 1970 at the age of 82, but tales of his adventures in Moscow have recently returned to the public eye when Scottish professional footballer Garry O’Connor, made the move to Russian football club Lokomotiv Moscow in March 2006.
- Memoirs of a British Agent (Putnam, London, 1932)
- Retreat from Glory (Putnam, London, 1934)
- Return to Malaya (Putnam, London, 1936)
- My Scottish Youth (Putnam, London, 1937)
- Guns or Butter: War countries and peace countries of Europe revisited (Putnam, London, 1938)
- A Son of Scotland (Putnam, London, 1938)
- What Happened to the Czechs? (Batchworth Press, London, 1953)
- Comes the Reckoning (Putnam, London, 1947)
- My Rod, My Comfort (Putnam, London, 1949)
- The Marines Were There: the Story of the Royal Marines in the Second World War (Putnam, London, 1950)
- Scotch: the Whisky of Scotland in Fact and Story (Putnam, London, 1951)
- My Europe (Putnam, London, 1952)
- Your England (Putnam, London, 1955)
- Jan Masaryk, a Personal Memoir (Putnam, London, 1956)
- Friends, Foes, and Foreigners (Putnam, London, 1957)
- The Two Revolutions: an Eyewitness Study of Russia, 1917 (Bodley Head, London, 1967)
- The Diaries of Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart Vol 1 (Macmillan, London, 1973)
- The Diaries of Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart Vol 2 (Macmillan, London, 1980)
 In TV drama
 See also
- List of Scottish cricket and rugby union players
- Logie Bruce Lockhart (son of R. H. Bruce Lockhart’s brother, J. H. Bruce Lockhart)
- Sandy Bruce-Lockhart, Baron Bruce-Lockhart (grandson of R. H. Bruce Lockhart’s brother, J. H. Bruce Lockhart)
- Dugald Bruce Lockhart (great-great-nephew)
- Lundy, Darryl. "John Harold Bruce-Lockhart". The Peerage.[unreliable source] (and other linked pages)
- Distinguished Old Fettesians[dead link]
- Bruce Lockhart, R. H., Return to Malaya (London: Putnam, 1936, pp. 4–5, 195, 211 & 230
- Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, Memoirs of a British Agent First published 1932 384 pages Publisher: Macmillan (January 1975) ISBN 0-333-17329-5 ISBN 978-0-333-17329-9
- Casciani, Dominic (2005-03-01). "UK | How MI5 watched children's author". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- Thomson, Mike (2011-03-19). "BBC News - Did Britain try to assassinate Lenin?". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- Moffat, Colin (2006-03-08). "BBC SPORT | Football | O'Connor not first Scot in Moscow". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce-Lockhart". The Peerage.[unreliable source]