|Grain, Raisins, Yeast|
|Cookbook:Raisin bread Raisin bread|
Raisin bread is a type of bread made with raisins and flavored with cinnamon. It is "usually a white flour or egg dough bread". Aside from white flour, raisin bread is also made with other flours, such as oat flour or whole wheat flour. Some recipes include honey, brown sugar, eggs, or butter. Variations of the recipe include the addition of walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans or, for a dessert, rum or whisky.
Raisin bread is eaten in many different forms, including being served toasted for breakfast ("raisin toast") or made into sandwiches. Some restaurants serve raisin bread with their cheeseboards.
Its invention has been attributed to Henry David Thoreau[nb 1] in Concord, Massachusetts lore, but there have been published recipes for bread with raisins since 1671. Since the 1400s, breads made with raisins were made in Europe. In Germany stollen was a Christmas bread. Kulich was an Easter bread made in Russia and panettone was made in Italy. The earliest citation for "raisin bread" in the Oxford English Dictionary is dated to an 1845 article in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. In England, raisin bread became a common element of high tea from the second half of the nineteenth century. In the 1920s, raisin bread was advertised as "The Bread Of Iron", due to the high iron content of the raisins. The bread became increasingly popular among English bakers in the 1960s.
European versions of raisin bread include the Estonian "kringel" and the Slovakian "vianocka". A similar food is raisin challah, a traditional Jewish food for Shabbat and holidays. It has been suggested that Garibaldi biscuits were based on a raisin bread that was eaten by the troops of Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi.
The United States Code of Federal Regulations specifies standards that raisin bread produced in the country must meet. This includes a requirement for the weight of the raisins to be equal to 50% of the weight of flour used. Raisin bread is one of five types of bread for which federal standards have been outlined.
- Walter Harding wrote in his biography of Henry Thoreau that the man had created raisin bread. Author Ken Jennings writes: "It seems the eminent Professor Harding was taken in by, of all things, a story in a 1943 Ladies' Home Journal article, which got its delicious, raisiny facts from a longstanding legend in Thoreau's hometown of Concord, Massachusetts... Ultimately Harding recanted his claims in a 1990 Thoreau Society Bulletin titled 'Thoreau and Raisin Bread.'"
- Charel Scheele (October 12, 2011). Old World Breads and the History of a Flemish Baker. iUniverse. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-4620-5472-5.
- Mark Bricklin, ed. (1994). Prevention Magazine's Nutrition Advisor: The Ultimate Guide to the Health-Boosting and Health-Harming Factors in Your Diet. Rodale. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-87596-225-2.
- Mark Bricklin; The Editors of Prevention Magazine (15 August 1994). Prevention Magazine's Nutrition Advisor: The Ultimate Guide to the Health-Boosting and Health-Harming Factors in Your Diet. Rodale. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-87596-225-2.
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- Dolis, J. (2005) Tracking Thoreau: double-crossing nature and technology p.32. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press ISBN 0-8386-4045-1 Retrieved January 2012
- Ken Jennings (September 12, 2006). Brainiac: Adventures in the Curious, Competitive, Compulsive World of Trivia Buffs. Random House Publishing Group. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-58836-552-1.
- "History of Raisins and Dried Fruit". Sun Maid. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- "raisin, n.". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Wilson, Bee (9 March 2002). "There's nothing 'high' about high tea". The Times.
- "The Bread of Iron (advertisement)". The Sunday Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). September 18, 1921. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Woodland, John (20 October 1967). "Price blow to raisin traders in UK". The Times.
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- Phyllis Glazer; Miriyam Glazer (March 29, 2011). The Essential Book of Jewish Festival Cooking. HarperCollins. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-06-204121-0.
- Vallely, Paul (30 June 2007). "Garibaldi: The First Global Action Hero". The Independent.
- "Section 136.160 - Raisin bread, rolls, and buns". Code of Federal Regulations. 1 April 2005. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Taking the wraps off bread". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. Kiplinger Washington Editors, Inc. May 1982. p. 40. ISSN 1528-9729.
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- Fritz Ludwig Gienandt (1919). "Raisin Bread". The Twentieth Century Book for the Progressive Baker, Hotel Confectioner, Ornamenter and Ice Cream Maker: The Most Up-to-date and Practical Book of Its Kind. Four Seas. p. 192.
- G. H. Lewis (1915). "The Invasion of Great Britain by Associated Raisin Co.". Sun-Maid Herald Vol 1 No 1. p. 20.
- C. A. Paulden (1915). "Raisin Bread Provides New Outlet for Raisins". Sun-Maid Herald Vol 1 No 1. Fresno, California: California Associated Raisin Co. pp. 7–8.
- "Raisins (production increase with Raisin Bread production)". Western Canner and Packer. Miller Freeman Publications of California. 1916. p. 2.
- "Raisin Bread Standard (U.S. Government)". Baking Technology. American Bakers' Association. 1922. p. 121.
- Walter V. Woehlke (1918). "The Rise of the Raisin". Country Gentleman. Curtis Publishing Company. p. 6.