|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Founded by||John Robinson Ralls|
|Elevation||3,107 ft (947 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Website||Handbook of Texas|
Ralls is an agricultural community in Crosby County, West Texas, United States, named after John Robinson Ralls, who, with the help of W.E. McLaughlin, laid out the townsite in July 1911. Ralls is surrounded by productive farm lands that primarily produce cotton and grains, with lesser amounts of soybean, sunflower, and vegetables.
Ralls is located on the level plains of the Llano Estacado between Lorenzo to the west and Crosbyton to the east. To the north of Ralls is the small community of Cone, Texas and further north is a narrow portion of Blanco Canyon, where the Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and his army are believed to have camped in 1541. To the south of Ralls is the Caprock Escarpment which marks the break between the Llano Estacado and the rolling plains, carved by tributaries of the Brazos River such as the Salt Fork and the Double Mountain Fork.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2), all of it land.
Ralls is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the population was 2,252 in 2000, with 776 households, and 584 families residing in the community. The population density was 1,680.4 people per square mile (648.9/km²). There were 871 housing units at an average density of 649.9 per square mile (251.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.48% White, 2.22% African American, 0.53% Native American, 36.77% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 55.77% of the population.
There were 776 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,892, and the median income for a family was $26,739. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $15,724 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,557. About 25.3% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 27.2% of those age 65 or over.
Country music legend and member of the Grand Ole Opry, Billy Walker was born in Ralls.
The City of Ralls is served by the Ralls Independent School District.
- Ralls, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ralls
- Photos of the Llano Estacado