Rechnitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rechnitz
Rechnitz is located in Austria
Rechnitz
Rechnitz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°18′25″N 16°26′18″E / 47.30694°N 16.43833°E / 47.30694; 16.43833Coordinates: 47°18′25″N 16°26′18″E / 47.30694°N 16.43833°E / 47.30694; 16.43833
Country Austria
State Burgenland
District Oberwart
Government
 • Mayor Engelbert Kenyeri (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 43.8 km2 (16.9 sq mi)
Elevation 366 m (1,201 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 3,131
 • Density 71/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7471
Vehicle registration OW
Website www.rechnitz.com

Rechnitz (Croatian: Rohunac, Hungarian: Rohonc, Rohoncz, Prekmurian: Rohunc, Romani: Rochonca) is a municipality in Burgenland in the Oberwart district in Austria.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located in southern Burgenland, on the border with Hungary, near Bozsok[2] and Szombathely. The highest mountain in Burgenland (German: Geschriebenstein, Hungarian: Írott-kő) and the most eastern foothills of the Alps are partially located within the municipality.

History[edit]

Until 1920/21, the village was a part of Hungary, as was the entire state of Burgenland. Ever since 1898 the Hungarian name Rohonc had to be used, due to the policies of the Budapest government. In 1919, after the end of World War I, Burgenland was awarded to Austria through the treaties of St. Germain and Trianon. Since 1921, the village has been a part of the Austrian state of Burgenland.

On the night of 24–25 March 1945, some 200 Hungarian Jews were murdered near Rechnitz, by a group of local notables who had gathered for a party at the castle of the Countess of Batthyany, born Margit Thyssen-Bornemisza. At some point during the evening guns were handed out. The 200 Jewish laborers were killed, and afterwards the guests returned to the castle to continue the party. After the war the massacre was covered up. Residents boycotted an official investigation; one witness was murdered, and other witnesses died under suspicious circumstances.

Sources differ as to the evidence. Some say that at the end of the 1960s, some of the bodies of the victims were found, quite by accident — 18 corpses were exhumed and moved to a Jewish cemetery in Graz. For a brief time, researchers reconstructed the story, tried to find evidence. Then the trail died for another 30 years, finally revived by a documentary film Stecken, Stab und Stangl, by Erne/Heinrich, a book by David R.L. Litchfield, and the play Rechnitz (der Würgeengel) by Elfriede Jelinek. As of October 2007, the bodies of the remaining victims have still not been found.[3] The incident echoed the nearby Deutsch Schützen massacre.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1869 3,969 —    
1880 3,899 −1.8%
1890 3,913 +0.4%
1900 4,051 +3.5%
1910 4,137 +2.1%
1923 3,772 −8.8%
1934 3,799 +0.7%
1939 3,501 −7.8%
1951 3,387 −3.3%
1961 3,374 −0.4%
1971 3,418 +1.3%
1981 3,399 −0.6%
1991 3,462 +1.9%
2001 3,237 −6.5%
2011 3,098 −4.3%

Politics[edit]

The mayor of Rechnitz is Engelbert Kenyeri of the Social Democratic Party of Austria; the deputy mayor is Alois Karacsony of the Austrian People's Party. Reinhard Tangl is the chief officer.

The distribution of seats (23 in all) in the municipal council is as follows: Social Democratic Party of Austria 13, Austrian People's Party 8, and Freedom Party of Austria 2.

Rohonc Codex[edit]

Main article: Rohonc Codex

A historical codex written in an unknown script and language was held in Rechnitz until 1838, when it was donated to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences by Gusztáv Batthyány, a Hungarian count, together with his entire library.

Sister Cities[edit]

Rechnitz has been a twin city of the German city of Alzey since 1981.

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ "Bozsok". Welcome to Hungary!. Compalmanach. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  3. ^ Historians Dispute Journalist's Claims: Mass Murder as Party Entertainment?, Der Spiegel
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.