Hungarian Academy of Sciences

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Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Budapest Hungarian Academy of Sciences.jpg
The Budapest seat of the academy on the bank of Danube
Formation 3 November 1825; 189 years ago (1825-11-03)[1]
Type National academy
Headquarters Budapest, Hungary
Coordinates 47°30′05″N 19°02′47″E / 47.5013°N 19.0463°E / 47.5013; 19.0463
Region served Hungary
Membership 1,352[2]
President László Lovász D.Sc
Website mta.com

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA)) is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest. The main responsibilities are the cultivation of science, disseminate the results of science, the supporting of research and development and the representation of Hungarian science domestically and around the world.

History[edit]

The history of the academy began in 1825 when Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Pressburg (Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the Hungarian Parliament at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the Hungarian language and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845.

Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in neo-Renaissance style. The architect was Friedrich August Stüler.

Sections of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences[edit]

László Lovász, the current president of the Academy. Previously he served as the president of International Mathematical Union.
Count István Széchenyi offers one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society.

A scientific section is a unit of the Academy organized by one or some closely related branches of science. A scientific section follows with attention, promotes and evaluates all scientific activities conducted within its field(s) of science; takes a stand on scientific issues as well as in matters concerning science policy and research organization, submits opinion on the activities of the Academy's research institutes, and on those of university chairs and other research units that are supported by the Academy, and participates in the procedure of awarding the title of Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the post-Ph.D academic degree, the D.Sc degree in Hungary.

Today it has eleven main sections:[3]

  • I. Section of Linguistics and Literary Scholarship
  • II. Section of Philosophy and Historical Sciences
  • III. Section of Mathematics
  • IV. Section of Agricultural Sciences
  • V. Section of Medical Sciences
  • VI. Section of Engineering Sciences
  • VII. Section of Chemical Sciences
  • VIII. Section of Biological Sciences
  • IX. Section of Economics and Law
  • X. Section of Earth Sciences
  • XI. Section of Physical Sciences

Research institutes[edit]

Presidents of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences[edit]

József Teleki November 17, 1830 – February 15, 1855
Emil Dessewffy April 17, 1855 – January 10, 1866
József Eötvös March 18, 1866 – February 2, 1871
Menyhért Lónyay May 17, 1871 – November 3, 1884
Ágoston Trefort May 28, 1885 – August 22, 1888
Loránd Eötvös May 3, 1889 – October 5, 1905
Albert Berzeviczy November 27, 1905 – March 22, 1936
Joseph Habsburg March 22, 1936 – October 1944
Gyula Kornis March 7, 1945 – October 29, 1945
Gyula Moór October 29, 1945 – July 24, 1946
Zoltán Kodály July 24, 1946 – November 29, 1949
István Rusznyák November 29, 1949 – February 5, 1970
Tibor Erdey-Grúz February 5, 1970 – August 16, 1976
János Szentágothai October 26, 1976 – May 10, 1985
Iván T. Berend May 10, 1985 – May 24, 1990
Domokos Kosáry May 24, 1990 – May 9, 1996
Ferenc Glatz May 9, 1996 – May 4, 2002
Szilveszter Vizi May 5, 2002 – May 6, 2008
József Pálinkás May 6, 2008 – May 5, 2014
László Lovász May 6, 2014 – present

Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts[edit]

The Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts (Hungarian: Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia) was created in 1992 as an academy associated yet independent from the HAS. Some of the known members are György Konrád, Magda Szabó, Péter Nádas writers, Zoltán Kocsis pianist, Miklós Jancsó, István Szabó film directors. The current president is Károly Makk, film director, who succeeded László Dobszay (resigned on April 20, 2011[5]).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°30′3.88″N 19°2′47.4″E / 47.5010778°N 19.046500°E / 47.5010778; 19.046500