Rehbach in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse:
View to the East from the bridge of the Landwehrstraße
|Progression||Rhine → North Sea|
|Length||29.03 km (18.04 mi)|
|Source elevation||130 m (430 ft)|
|Basin area||149.894 km2 (57.874 sq mi)|
|Left tributaries||Mußbach, Steinbach|
The Rehbach does not have a source. The Speyerbach splits on the Winzinger Wassergescheid in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, with about 1/3 of the water going left and forming the 'Rehbach and the other 2/3 going right and continuing as Speyerbach. After leaving the district of Neustadt, Rehbach flows through the western part of the Upper Rhine Valley, initially in an easterly direction, later more northeast. It touches the municipalities of Haßloch, Böhl-Iggelheim, Schifferstadt, Limburgerhof and Neuhofen. Between Altrincham and Ludwigshafen, it flows into the Upper Rhine from the left.
The main tributaries of the left Rehbach are Mußbach, which flows into the Rehbach between Haßloch and the Mußbach district of Neustadt, and the Steinbach, which flows into the Rehbach above Schifferstadt. The strongest right tributary is the Ranschgraben. Like the Rehbach itself, this is a dsitributary of the Speyerbach. It splits off from Speyerbach just north of Speyerdorf and flows into Rehbach East of Limburgerhof-Rehhütte, after crossing below Rehbach a few hundred meters before at Limburgerhof-Kohlhof.
In the Middle Ages, the water of the Rehbach was already diverted from Speyerbach in the village of Winzingen, which is now a district of Neustadt. In the area of Haßloch and Iggelheim, it was split into two parallel arms for about 8 km. They provided the water for the local drive watermills and sawmills. On the southern arm, the actual Rehbach, three mills have been preserved. Below Böhl-Iggelheim, the Steinbach flows into the Rehbach, as does the water from the Niederwiesenweiher, a 10-hectare re-naturalized gravel pit.