Resinated wine

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A bottle and glass of Retsina

Resinated wine is a type of wine which derives part of its flavor from exposure to tree resins, most generally pine resin. Prior to the widespread use of barrels in Europe, wine was stored in amphorae, often sealed with Aleppo pine resin. Wines thus sealed were flavored by the resin, and over time this became a feature of the wine itself rather than an unwanted side effect.

Pine resin

Though today mainly associated with Greece, resinated wine appears to have been widespread in the past. In his Natural History (book XIV), Pliny the Elder noted that in the modern-day Rhône wine region (near Vienne), the Allobroges produced a highly valued resinated wine.[1]

The most common form of resinated wine today is Greek retsina (ρετσίνα), which is for over 2000 years produced and exported from Greece, particularly around Attica, Boeotia and Euboea. The European Union treats the name "retsina" as a protected designation of origin and a traditional appellation for Greece and parts of the southern regions of Cyprus. A South Australian wine style can be called "resinated wine" but not "retsina".[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 281-283 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
  2. ^ J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 568-569 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6