Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis

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Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis
District
Rhineland-Palatinate RP.svg
Country  Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
Capital Ludwigshafen
Area
 • Total 304.88 km2 (117.71 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 148,079
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration RP
Website rhein-pfalz-kreis.de

The Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) the district-free city Worms, the district Bergstraße, district-free Mannheim, Frankenthal and Ludwigshafen, Rhein-Neckar, district-free Speyer, the districts Karlsruhe, Germersheim, Südliche Weinstraße and Bad Dürkheim.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1886 under the name Bezirksamt Ludwigshafen, one of the last acts of king Ludwig II of Bavaria. The population in the area around Speyer had grown significantly, which made the splitting of the Bezirksamt Speyer necessary. In 1969, the Speyer and Ludwigshafen districts and parts of the Frankenthal and Neustadt districts were merged again to form the new Ludwigshafen district.

On May 19, 2003 the district parliament passed a resolution to rename the district "Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis" starting in 2004.

Partnerships[edit]

The district started it first partnership in 1964 with the municipalities Schnals and Naturns in Italy. The Speyer district had a partnership with Schlanders and Martell, also in Italy, which were taken over after the merging of the district. As part of the partnership of Rhineland-Palatinate with Rwanda the district has a partnership with the municipality of Kinyami starting in 1983. After the German reunification the district supported the Saalkreis in Saxony-Anhalt in modernzing the administration to western standard, which resulted in a friendship between the two districts. In 1991 a partnership with the district Radviliskis in Lithuania was started, and in 2002 with the Polish district Opole in Silesia.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the valley of the Rhine river, both the actual river valley and the Vorderpfälzer Tiefland, formed by the sediments of the rivers of the Palatinate hills. The district has a very warm climate, together with the fertile loess soil it makes the area favourable for growing vegetable. However the rainfall is comparatively low, thus irrigation is needed.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms

The wavy line from the bottom-right to the top-left symbolizes the Rhine river.

The lion in the left is the lion of the Electorate of the Palatinate, to which the largest part of the district belonged historically.

The silver cross in the right part is taken from the State of Speyer, taken from the coat of arms of the Speyer district.

The shield in the middle show water lily leaves, a typical symbol for the district, as this plant grows in the old arms of the Rhine river.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verband-free municipalities[edit]

Karte Bobenheim-Roxheim.png Wappen Bobenheim-Roxheim.png Bobenheim-Roxheim 9 967 inhabitants 20.5 km²
Karte Böhl-Iggelheim.png Wappen boehl iggelheim.jpg Böhl-Iggelheim 10 533 inhabitants 32.8 km²
Karte Limburgerhof.png Limburgerhof Wappen.jpg Limburgerhof 10 834 inhabitants 9 km²
Karte Mutterstadt.png Wappen Mutterstadt.svg Mutterstadt 12 576 inhabitants 20.5 km²
Karte Schifferstadt.png Wappen Schifferstadt 2.png Stadt Schifferstadt 19 392 inhabitants 28 km²

Verbandsgemeinden[edit]

Karte Verbandsgemeinde Dannstadt-Schauernheim.png Wappen vg dann scha.jpg Verbandsgemeinde
Dannstadt-
Schauernheim
13 022 inhabitants 33.2 km²
Wappen dannstadt schauernheim.jpg Dannstadt-
Schauernheim
*
7 033 inhabitants 15.3 km²
Wappen Hochdorf-Assenheim.png Hochdorf-
Assenheim
3 113 inhabitants 9.7 km²
Wappen Roedersheim-Gronau.png Rödersheim-
Gronau
2 876 inhabitants 8.2 km²
Karte Verbandsgemeinde Lambsheim-Heßheim.png Verbandsgemeinde
Lambsheim-Heßheim
15 987 inhabitants 37.68 km²
Wappen Beindersheim.png Beindersheim 3 054 inhabitants 5.7 km²
Wappen Grossniedesheim.png Großniedesheim 1 391 inhabitants 3.8 km²
Wappen gd hessheim.jpg Heßheim 3 060 inhabitants 5.8 km²
Wappen Heuchelheim.png Heuchelheim
bei Frankenthal
1 272 inhabitants 5.8 km²
Wappen Kleinniedesheim.png Kleinniedesheim 942 inhabitants 3.9 km²
Wappen lambsheim.jpg Lambsheim * 6 268 inhabitants 12.8 km²
Karte Verbandsgemeinde Maxdorf.png Wappen verb maxdorf.jpg Verbandsgemeinde
Maxdorf
12 687 inhabitants 16.9 km²
Wappen birkenheide.jpg Birkenheide 3 192 inhabitants 2.9 km²
Wappen fussgoenheim.jpg Fußgönheim 2 484 inhabitants 6.7 km²
Wappen gd maxdorf.jpg Maxdorf * 7 011 inhabitants 7.4 km²
Karte Verbandsgemeinde Römerberg-Dudenhofen.png Verbandsgemeinde
Römerberg-Dudenhofen
20 498 inhabitants 54.98 km²
Wappen Dudenhofen.svg Dudenhofen * 5.812 inhabitants 13 km²
Wappen Hanhofen.svg Hanhofen 2 410 inhabitants 5.8 km²
W harthausen.jpg Harthausen 3 082 inhabitants 8.4 km²
Wappen Roemerberg.svg Römerberg 9 194 inhabitants 27.9 km²
Karte Verbandsgemeinde Waldsee.png Verbandsgemeinde
Waldsee
23 706 inhabitants 51.28 km²
Wappen Altrip.png Altrip 7 808 inhabitants 10.5 km²
DEU Neuhofen (Pfalz) COA.svg Neuhofen 7 207 inhabitants 12.3 km²
DEU Otterstadt COA.svg Otterstadt 3 361 inhabitants 15.6 km²
Wappen Waldsee.svg Waldsee * 5 330 inhabitants 12.9 km²

*seat of the Verbandsgemeinde

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°25′N 8°20′E / 49.42°N 8.33°E / 49.42; 8.33