Cyclorama Building at Gettysburg
Cyclorama Building in Zeigler's Grove
|Architectural style||Modernist (Mission 66)|
|Address||125 Taneytown Road
|Town or city||Gettysburg, Pennsylvania|
|Inaugurated||November 19, 1962|
|Demolished||March 8–9, 2013|
|Owner||Gettysburg National Military Park|
|Design and construction|
|Main contractor||Orndorff Construction Company, Inc.|
The Cyclorama Building at Gettysburg was an historic modernist concrete and glass Mission 66 building dedicated November 19, 1962 by the National Park Service (NPS) to serve as a Gettysburg Battlefield visitor center, to exhibit the 1883 Paul Philippoteaux Battle of Gettysburg cyclorama and other artifacts, and to provide an observation deck (replacing the 1896 Zeigler's Grove observation tower). The building was demolished in 2013.
Richard Neutra was awarded the design, and began work in 1958. Design requirements included a central park administration office, and space for the cyclorama painting previously held remotely at Baltimore Road. Orndorff Construction Company, Inc., won the construction contract with a bid of $687,349, in 1959. The site at Ziegler's Grove was intended to tie the painting closely to the battle location it depicted.
However, by the end of the 20th century attitudes towards battlefield presentation had changed, and the National Park Service sought to remove many modern structures from key sites. In 1998, the Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places noted that the building possessed "exceptional historic and architectural significance." Funding requests to rehabilitate the Cyclorama Building were denied in 1993 and 1996, i.e., $2.7M in 1993 for roof removal/replacement, asbestos ceiling removal, patching cracks and treating masonry, and efficient redesign of interior.:126 On September 24, 1998, the Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places determined the "Cyclorama Building was eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places", reversing conclusions by the National Park Service in December 1995 and the Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Officer in May 1996.:118 In 1999, the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts opposed its demolition.:126
After the building was not added to the National Register of Historic Places, in 2010, a U.S. District court judge ruled for the Recent Past Preservation Network (Plaintiff) that the NPS "had failed to comply with federal law requiring it to analyze the effect of the Cyclorama Center demolition and come up with alternatives to destroying it."
In August 2012, the court-ordered NPS study concluded that "the best course of action would be to demolish the Cyclorama Building that has stood in the park for 50 years." In January 2013, the Park Service announced plans to demolish the building during the winter of 2013. In February 2013, there was a protest.
- "Cyclorama Building, 125 Taneytown Road, Gettysburg vicinity, Adams, PA". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- "Pennsylvania: New Visitor Center & Museum Complex (Gettysburg National Military Park)". Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
The Keeper determined that the [Cyclorama Building] property, built between 1958 and 1962, is exceptionally significant
- Unrau, Harlan D (1991). administrative history, Gettysburg National Military Park (PDF) (Report). Denver, CO: National Park Service. OCLC 24228617. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "Visitor Center and Cyclorama Building". National Park Service. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- "Completing the Visitor Center". National Park Service. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- Owens, Mitchell (January 25, 2013). "Richard Neutra's Gettysburg Cyclorama to be Demolished". Architectural Digest.
- "Cyclorama Richard Neutra's 1961 Lincoln Memorial at Gettysburg." reCyclorama June 7, 2007.
- Oversight hearing on Gettysburg National Park general management (Report). United States Congress House Committee on Resources, Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
- Ruane, Michael E. (January 10, 2013). "Old Gettysburg Cyclorama Building, which once housed famous painting, to be razed". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- "Section 106 Case Report, Cyclorama Building, Gettysburg National Military Park" (REPRINT). reCyclorama. Mission66.com. January 1999. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
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- Amy Worden (April 5, 2010). "L.A. architect wins battle at Gettysburg". Los Angeles Times.
- [dead link]The Associated Press (August 29, 2012). "NPS says demolish Gettysburg Cyclorama Building". Sacramento Bee.
- Ruane, Michael E. (January 10, 2013). "Old Gettysburg Cyclorama Building, which once housed famous painting, to be razed". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- Weaver, Stephanie (2013-02-25). "Protesters: Keep Cyclorama Building". Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- Worden, Amy (March 12, 2013). "Gettysburg’s Cyclorama Building is no more". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Stansbury, Amy (03/09/2013). "The death of the Gettysburg Cyclorama Building". The Evening Sun. Retrieved 28 March 2013. Check date values in:
- staff (January 5, 2014). "A look at 10 historic sites save, 10 lost in 2013". Associated Press as reported by the Post Crescent. p. F3.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. PA-6709, "Cyclorama Building, 125 Taneytown Road, Gettysburg vicinity, Adams, PA", 103 photos, 7 color transparencies, 24 measured drawings, 77 data pages, 8 photo caption pages
- French, Christine Madrid. "Save the Cyclorama". reCyclorama. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
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