Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport

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For other people named Richard Newport, see Richard Newport (disambiguation).
Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport
Spouse(s) Rachel Leveson
Father Sir Francis Newport
Mother Beatrix Lacon
Born 7 May 1587
Died 8 February 1651
Whornes Place, Cuxton, Kent
Buried Moulins, France

Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport (7 May 1587 – 8 February 1651)[1] was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1629. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War and was created Baron Newport in 1642.

Newport was the son of Sir Francis Newport of High Ercall and Beatrix Lacon, daughter of Rowland Lacon.[1][2][3] Newport was educated in Brasenose College, Oxford from 1604 to 1607 and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts.[4] In 1614 he was elected Member of Parliament for Shropshire. He was elected MP for Shrewsbury in 1621. In 1624 he was elected MP for Shropshire again and was re-elected in 1625, 1626 and 1628. He sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[5] He was appointed High Sheriff of Shropshire for 1626–27.

In 1642, Newport provided King Charles I of England with the sum of £6000 in exchange for a barony, enabling him to use artillery in the Battle of Edgehill and was duly elevated to the Peerage of England as Baron Newport, of High Ercall, in the County of Salop on 14 October,[6] having been knighted at Theobalds House in Hertfordshire in 1615. He also fortified his country house, High Ercall Hall, and made it available as a Royalist stronghold and garrison. During the Siege of High Ercall Hall the house was severely damaged and eventually captured by Parliamentary forces in 1646. After the execution of the king in 1649, Newport fled to France.[3]

Newport married, before 1615, Rachel Leveson (d. 31 January 1661),[1] daughter of Sir John Leveson (21 March 1555 – 14 November 1615),[1] and sister of Sir Richard Leveson (1598–1661), by whom he had three sons and four daughters.[7] Newport died aged 63 in Moulins-en-Tonnerrois and was succeeded in the barony by his oldest son Francis.[8] His second son Andrew was a courtier and Member of Parliament.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cokayne 1936, p. 554.
  2. ^ Newport, Sir Francis (c.1555–1623), History of Parliament Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  3. ^ a b "British History Online - A History of the County of Worcester". Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "ThePeerage - Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall". Retrieved 12 November 2006. 
  5. ^ Notitia Parliamentaria, Part 2, pp. 229–239 Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  6. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Rolls of the Official Personages of the British Empire. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. p. 550. 
  7. ^ Burke, John (1831). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 396. 
  8. ^ Garbet, Samuel (1818). The History of Wem. London: G. Franklin. pp. 102–104. 
  9. ^ Henning, Basil Duke (1983). The House of Commons, 1660-1690. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 136–137. ISBN 0-436-19274-8. 

References[edit]

  • Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden IX. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 554. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Richard Leveson
Sir Robert Needham
Member of Parliament for Shropshire
1614
With: Sir Roger Owen
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Vernon
Sir Francis Kynaston
Preceded by
Lewis Prowde
Francis Berkeley
Member of Parliament for Shrewsbury
1621-1622
With: Francis Berkeley
Succeeded by
Francis Berkeley
Thomas Owen
Preceded by
Sir Robert Vernon
Sir Francis Kynaston
Member of Parliament for Shropshire
1624-1629
With: Sir Andrew Corbet 1624-1625
Sir Richard Leveson 1626
Sir Andrew Corbet 1628-1629
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Newport
1642–1651
Succeeded by
Francis Newport