Riom

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Riom
Sainte chapelle
Sainte chapelle
Riom is located in France
Riom
Riom
Coordinates: 45°53′40″N 3°06′48″E / 45.8944°N 3.1133°E / 45.8944; 3.1133Coordinates: 45°53′40″N 3°06′48″E / 45.8944°N 3.1133°E / 45.8944; 3.1133
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Puy-de-Dôme
Arrondissement Riom
Intercommunality Riom
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jean-Claude Zicola
Area
 • Land1 31.97 km2 (12.34 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 18,828
 • Population2 density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 63300 / 63200

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Riom (Occitan: Riam) is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

History[edit]

Until the French Revolution, Riom was the capital of the province of Auvergne, and the seat of the dukes of Auvergne. The city was of Gaulish origin, the Roman Ricomagus. In the intensely feudalized Auvergne of the 10th century, the town grew up around the collegiate Church of Saint Amabilis (Saint Amable), the local saint, who was the object of pilgrimages. Riom was the capital of the dukes of Auvergne. In the 14th century the city benefitted from the patronage of the Jean, duc de Berry, who rebuilt the Ducal Palace and the Saint-Chapelle. In 1531, Riom and the Auvergne reverted to the Crown of France.

In 1942, Riom was the site of the Vichy government's abortive war-guilt trials, called Riom Trials.

Sights[edit]

In 1985 Riom received the French classification of Ville d'Art et d'Histoire recognizing its sixteen classified historical monuments as well as another 57 on the supplementary listings. Several 17th- and 18th-century private houses (hôtels particuliers) are open to the public with collections of costumes and works of decorative art.

Riom's two major public squares are Place Jean-Baptiste Laurent and Place du pré-Madame in which stand two large fountains in homage to Desaix.

Public library[edit]

See Bibliothèque Municipale de Riom

Notable people[edit]

Riom was the birthplace of:

Cultural references[edit]

Tesuque is mentioned in Willa Cather's 1927 novel Death Comes for the Archbishop, Book Nine Chapter 1.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Riom is twinned with:[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  2. ^ (encompassing Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing, Sompting, and Southwick)
  3. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  4. ^ "Internetowy Serwis Miejski". zywiec.pl. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 

External links[edit]