||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (June 2010)|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Jean-Claude Zicola|
|• Land1||31.97 km2 (12.34 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||63300 / 63200|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Until the French Revolution, Riom was the capital of the province of Auvergne, and the seat of the dukes of Auvergne. The city was of Gaulish origin, the Roman Ricomagus. In the intensely feudalized Auvergne of the 10th century, the town grew up around the collegiate Church of Saint Amabilis (Saint Amable), the local saint, who was the object of pilgrimages. Riom was the capital of the dukes of Auvergne. In the 14th century the city benefitted from the patronage of the Jean, duc de Berry, who rebuilt the Ducal Palace and the Saint-Chapelle. In 1531, Riom and the Auvergne reverted to the Crown of France.
In 1985 Riom received the French classification of Ville d'Art et d'Histoire recognizing its sixteen classified historical monuments as well as another 57 on the supplementary listings. Several 17th- and 18th-century private houses (hôtels particuliers) are open to the public with collections of costumes and works of decorative art.
Riom's two major public squares are Place Jean-Baptiste Laurent and Place du pré-Madame in which stand two large fountains in homage to Desaix.
Riom was the birthplace of:
- Pierre Victor, baron Malouet (1740–1814), publicist and politician
- Gilbert Romme (1750–1795), politician
- Joseph Projectus Machebeuf (1812–1889), Vicar Apostolic of Colorado and Utah; Bishop of Denver, USA
- Henri Hébrard de Villeneuve (1848–1925), Olympic fencer
- Eugene Gilbert (1889–1918), pioneer aviator, WW1 fighter pilot
- Alan Stivell (1944-), Celtic musician and singer, recording artist and master of the Celtic harp
Twin towns – Sister cities
- "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.
- (encompassing Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing, Sompting, and Southwick)
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Internetowy Serwis Miejski". zywiec.pl. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Riom.|
- Riom - Official site for the city of Riom (in French).
- Riom Tourism - Official site from the Auvergne Office de Tourisme.
- Joan of Arc's letter to Riom - Translation by Allen Williamson of a letter dictated by Joan of Arc to the people of Riom on November 9, 1429.
- The Musée de Veygoux is a museum in the Manoir de Veygoux dedicated to the French Revolution and Desaix.
- The Riom trials of 1942, from a Marxist perspective