Robert A. Hurley

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Robert A. Hurley
73rd Governor of Connecticut
In office
January 4, 1941 – January 8, 1943
Lieutenant James L. McConaughy (1941-1943)
Preceded by Raymond E. Baldwin
Succeeded by Raymond E. Baldwin
Personal details
Born (1895-08-25)August 25, 1895
Bridgeport, Connecticut
Died May 3, 1968(1968-05-03) (aged 72)
West Hartford, Connecticut
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Evelyn Hedberg Hurley
Children Joan Hurley

Sally Hurley

Robert E Hurley

Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Rank Radio Electrician
Battles/wars World War I

Robert Augustine Hurley (August 25, 1895 - May 3, 1968) was an American politician and the 73rd Governor of Connecticut.

Biography[edit]

Hurley, a second generation Irish-American, was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut on August 25, 1895 to Robert Emmet and Sabina O'Hara Hurley. He attended local public schools and Cheshire Academy. He studied at Lehigh University where he worked his way through school as a hod carrier in support of bricklayers.[1] An accomplished athlete, he was a four-letter man and, as captain of the baseball team, once pitched a no-hit game. His nickname at Lehigh was "Scraps".

Career[edit]

In 1917, at the advent of America's involvement in World War I, Hurley enlisted in the U.S. Navy and became a radio electrician for the submarine fleet (the "pig boats") and on the battleship Pennsylvania. After the war, he played professional football and semiprofessional baseball before joining his father's construction firm. On January 22, 1925, he married Evelyn Hedberg, a nurse from Bridgeport. They had three children, Joan, Sally and Robert E. Hurley.[2]

Hurley then founded his own successful construction and engineering firm of Leverty & Hurley in Bridgeport. Wilbur Lucius Cross, Governor of Connecticut at the time, appointed Hurley to the directorship of the Works Progress Administration (WPA). He had distinguished himself as the federal coordinator during the devastating Hartford flood of 1936. Hurley then went on to become Connecticut's first Public Works Commissioner, where he ferreted out corruption in the state Highway Department and successfully supervised a multimillion-dollar public construction program. He held this post from 1937 to 1940, developing a statewide reputation for honesty and integrity. Though never having run for public office, he was drafted by New Deal Democrats to run against popular Republican Governor Raymond E. Baldwin. At a tumultuous Democrat convention at the Taft Hotel in New Haven, Hurley defeated the Old Guard, who had convinced former Governor Cross to enter the race, and won the nomination for governor.[3]

Governor of Connecticut[edit]

Hurley, was elected the Governor of Connecticut in 1941. He was Connecticut's first Catholic governor after 300 years of Protestant political dominance. An enthusiastic supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, he successfully set out to reform the state's labor and employment laws and extend electrification to rural areas of the state.[4] However, other elements of his ambitious reform agenda were stymied by a Republican-controlled General Assembly. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, he quickly mobilized the war production effort and forged a labor-management agreement called "Connecticut's Compact for Victory" that achieved a "no strike pledge" from labor for the unknown duration of the war, and gave the governor sole authority to arbitrate labor disputes during the conflict. The compact became a national model. A fierce opponent of discrimination, he developed a national reputation by integrating housing in the Connecticut National Guard. Hurley also named the first Jewish judges to the Connecticut bench. He ran unsuccessfully for re-election. He left office on January 6, 1943. He again ran unsuccessfully for governor again in 1944.

After completing his term, Hurley was active in the Democrat National Committee and was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to be a member of the Surplus Property Board from 1944 to 1945. He then retired from public life.

Death and legacy[edit]

Hurley died on May 3, 1968, aged 72 years, 252 days. He is interred at Fairview Cemetery, West Hartford, Connecticut.[5] Hurley Hall at the University of Connecticut and at Cheshire Academy are named for him.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". NNDB Soylent Communications. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". National Governors Association. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". Find A Grave. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Robert A. Hurley". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988. ISBN 0-313-28093-2
  • Hartford Courant, Connecticut Goes To War, December 7, 1991
  • Obituary, The New Haven Register, May 5, 1968
  • Obituary, The New York Times, May 5, 1968

External links[edit]