Robert E. Quinn

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Robert E. Quinn
RobertEQuinn.jpg
58th Governor of Rhode Island
In office
January 5, 1937 – January 3, 1939
Preceded by Theodore F. Green
Succeeded by William Henry Vanderbilt III
Personal details
Born (1894-04-02)April 2, 1894
Phenix, Rhode Island, U.S.
Died May 19, 1975(1975-05-19) (aged 81)
Resting place Quinn Family Cemetery
West Warwick, Rhode Island
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Carter Quinn
Parents Charles Quinn
Mary Ann (McCabe) Quinn
Alma mater Brown University
Harvard Law School
Profession Attorney
Politician
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1942-1945
Rank Captain

Robert Emmet Quinn (April 2, 1894 – May 19, 1975) was an American attorney and politician from Rhode Island. He served as the 58th Governor of Rhode Island and Judge for the Rhode Island Superior Court.

Early life[edit]

Quinn was born in 1894 in Phenix, Rhode Island, the son of Charles Quinn and Mary Ann (McCabe) Quinn.[1] He graduated from Brown University in 1915, and completed his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1918. He served in the United States Foreign Service during World War I as a member of the U.S. Diplomatic Intelligence Service in England and France.[2] After he left the Foreign Service in 1919, he practiced law with his uncle in Rhode Island.

Political career[edit]

He began his political career as a Democrat in the Rhode Island Senate serving from 1923 to 1925 and again from 1929 to 1933. In 1932 he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island and served from 1933 to 1937. He was nominated for governorship of Rhode Island when incumbent Governor Theodore Francis Green chose to run for a seat in the United States Senate.

He held the governor's office from January 5, 1937 to January 3, 1939. During his administration, Quinn advocated a merit system for state workers, a personal income tax, and exemption for the poor from real estate taxes. Nicknamed “Battlin’ Bob”, he set up a battle known as the “Race Track War” against the highly successful Thoroughbred racing venue Narragansett Park in 1937.[3] From the first incident on September 2, the “War” would not be resolved until October 16. The National Guard was called out and men with machine guns blocked the front entrance to the track. Time Magazine reported the story nationwide in October 1937.[4] Quinn won in the short-term, as Walter O'Hara was removed from his post as president and manager of the Narragansett Racing Association, and Judge James E. Dooley officially took control of the track. Quinn was unsuccessful in his re-election bid in 1938 after millionaire William H. Vanderbilt defeated him. Ultimately, the “Race Track War” was considered a national embarrassment.[5]

Quinn returned to his law practice after leaving the governor's office. He won appointment to a Superior Court judgeship in 1941, serving as Judge for the Rhode Island Superior Court. During World War II, he entered the military as a Commander in the Navy’s legal branch. He served for four years, rising to the rank of Captain.[2] He returned to the bench after the end of the war.

In 1951 he was appointed by President Truman to Chief Judge of a new United States Court of Military Appeals. He retired from that position in 1975.

In 1964 he was awarded the first honorary life membership by the Federal Bar Association, and in 1966 he was elected to the Rhode Island Hall of Fame.[6]

Death[edit]

Quinn died on May 19, 1975 at age 81.[where?] He is interred at Quinn Family Cemetery in West Warwick.[7]

Family life[edit]

In 1923 Quinn married Mary Carter. They had five children.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guide to the Robert Emmet Quinn papers 1936-1975". Brown University. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Quinn, Robert E.". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Inductee Details Governor Robert E. Quinn". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ Time Magazine 9/20/37.
  5. ^ An Album of Rhode Island History by Patrick T. Conley
  6. ^ "Inductee Details Governor Robert E. Quinn". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Guide to the Robert Emmet Quinn papers1936-1975". Brown University. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988; ISBN 0-313-28093-2

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Theodore F. Green
Governor of Rhode Island
1937–1939
Succeeded by
William Henry Vanderbilt III