Robert Hill (Australian politician)
|The Honourable Professor
|Chancellor of the University of Adelaide|
26 July 2010 – 25 July 2014
|Preceded by||The Hon John von Doussa AO, QC|
|Succeeded by||Rear Admiral the Hon Kevin Scarce AC, CSC, RANR|
|Senator for South Australia|
1 July 1981 – 15 March 2006
|Preceded by||Sir Condor Laucke|
|Succeeded by||Cory Bernardi|
|49th Minister for Defence|
12 November 2001 – 27 January 2006
|Prime Minister||John Howard|
|Preceded by||Peter Reith|
|Succeeded by||Brendan Nelson|
|Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations|
27 March 2006 – May 2009
|Preceded by||Caroline Millar (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Gary Quinlan|
25 September 1946 |
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Spouse(s)||Diana Marie Hill (née Jacka)|
|Children||Victoria Hill (daughter)|
Robert Murray Hill AC (born 25 September 1946) is a retired Australian politician. He is an Adjunct Professor in Sustainability and Co-Director of the Alliance 21 project at the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney. He is also a Commissioner of the Global Ocean Commission.
Early life and family
Born in Adelaide, Hill studied at the University of Adelaide where he took degrees in Arts and Law, and later the London School of Economics, where he gained a Masters degree in Law. Robert Hill was a barrister and solicitor before entering politics. He was Vice-President of the Liberal Party in South Australia 1977–79 and President 1985–87. Like many South Australian Liberals, Hill belonged to the liberal or moderate wing of the Liberal Party. He was also a member of the Liberal Party's Federal Executive 1985–87 and 1990–93. Hill came from political family and his father, Murray Hill, was a prominent Liberal member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1965 to 1988. His daughter, Victoria, is an Australian actress.
Robert Hill was elected as a Senator for the State of South Australia, representing the Liberal Party, at the 1980 Federal election. He took his seat in the Senate on 1 July 1981, and served until 15 March 2006.
After the Liberals' defeat (their fourth consecutive loss) at the 1990 federal election, Hill became Leader of the Opposition in the Senate (1990–96), and held appointments during these years as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, Defence, Public Administration and Education, Science and Training. In 1994 he was Chairman of the Senate's Policy Review Committee. In 1994 he was unsuccessful in seeking Liberal preselection for the House of Representatives seat of Boothby for the 1996 election. The preselected candidate was instead Andrew Southcott who went on to win the seat at the 1996 election  and Hill remained in the Senate until his retirement in 2006.
Following the landslide election victory of the Liberals under John Howard in 1996, Hill became Leader of the Government in the Senate (1996–2006) and Minister for the Environment (1996–98). He was subsequently appointed Minister for the Environment and Heritage (1998–2001) and Minister for Defence (2001–06). On 1 January 2001, Hill was awarded the Centenary Medal for "service as Minister for Defence". In July 2005 the Coalition parties took control of the Senate and Hill became the first Government Leader in the Senate since 1981 to command a majority in the chamber and therefore making him Senate Majority Leader.
In January 2006, Hill announced his resignation from the Ministry and as Leader of the Government in the Senate. Hill did not specify any reason for his resignation, but said it was his decision to retire and he had not been pushed into it by the Prime Minister. However, one of The Age's senior journalists, Michelle Grattan, said on 31 March 2008 "Hill had not really wanted to leave Parliament, but John Howard was anxious to get him out."
On 15 March 2006, Hill resigned from the Senate and, two days later, was appointed Permanent Representative to the United Nations for Australia, replacing Caroline Millar. He served in that position until May 2009.
The diplomatic appointment made upon his retirement from Parliament was arranged by Foreign Minister and former Liberal leader Alexander Downer. Hill and Downer were factional rivals in their home state of South Australia and Downer was keen to see Hill out of Parliament as part of Downer's long-term plan to return to the Liberal Party leadership which never eventuated.
Hill's diplomatic appointment had been criticized by then Shadow Foreign Minister and future Prime Minister Kevin Rudd who had doubts about Hill's diplomatic skills and said that the Howard Government had used the diplomatic service as "a Liberal Party employment agency" and this had left diplomats without the capacity to realise their ambitions. 
Prior to Robert Hill's retirement in 2006 he voted for legalizing the abortion drug RU486 which had been banned in Australia up until that point.
As Liberal Government Senate leader Hill had expressed the importance of the transition of the Prime Ministership from Howard to his Liberal deputy and heir apparent Peter Costello be smooth. It was a transition that never eventuated when Howard lost government at the 2007 election and Costello refused to succeed Howard as Liberal leader.
Following his return to Australia in 2009, Hill accepted an appointment as Adjunct Professor in Sustainability at the US Studies Centre at the University of Sydney where he was involved in the development of the $2 million Dow Sustainability Program, funded by the US-based Dow Chemical Company Foundation, to bring together academic and policy experts from Australia and the US to develop action-oriented solutions to a range of sustainability challenges concerning energy, water, food and biodiversity that are technologically innovative, commercially scalable and politically viable. In July 2009, Hill was appointed by the Australian Government to head the Australian Carbon Trust.
On 11 June 2012, Hill was named an Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) for "eminent service to the Parliament of Australia, particularly through the development of policy reform in the portfolios of the environment and defence, and to Australia's international relations through senior diplomatic representation to the United Nations."
- http://www.globaloceancommission.org/ Global Ocean Commission website
- See Who's Who in Australia 2010, p.1031
- "HILL, Robert Murray - Centenary Medal". It's an Honour database. Australian Government. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Schubert, Misha (20 January 2006). "Defence minister steps down". The Age. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Media Release (25 February 2009). "Diplomatic Appointment: Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations". Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade. Hon. Stephen Smith MP. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Fudala, Nina (23 July 2009). "Robert Hill appointed to Rudd's Australian Carbon Trust". Media Release. University of Sydney. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Fudala, Nina (15 February 2010). "US Studies Centre announces Dow Sustainability Program". Media Release. University of Sydney. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Kerr, Christian (21 July 2009). "Rudd picks Robert Hill to head carbon trust". The Australian. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Husband, Kate (9 April 2010). "New Chancellor appointed to University of Adelaide". Media Release. University of Adelaide. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "Companion (AC) in the General Division of the Order of Australia". The Queen's Birthday 2012 Honours Lists. Official Secretary to the Governor-General of Australia. 11 June 2012. p. 4.
Media related to Robert Hill at Wikimedia Commons
|Parliament of Australia|
Sir Condor Laucke
|Senator for South Australia
1986 – 2006
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Liberal Party in the Senate
1990 – 2006
as Minister for the Environment, Sport and Territories
|Minister for the Environment
1996 – 1998
as Minister for the Environment
|Minister for the Environment and Heritage
1998 – 2001
as Minister for the Arts
|Minister for Defence
2001 – 2006
|Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations
2006 – 2009
John von Doussa
|Chancellor of the University of Adelaide
2010 – present