Robert Horne (bishop)

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Robert Horne
Bishop of Winchester
Robert Horne, Bishop of Winchester.jpg
Engraving of Robert Horne in 1576
Church Church of England
Diocese Diocese of Winchester
Installed 1560
Term ended 1579 (death) [1]
Predecessor John White
Successor John Watson
Orders
Consecration 1560
Personal details
Born c 1510
Guildford, County Surrey
Died 1579
Nationality English
Denomination Anglican
Occupation previously Dean of Durham
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Robert Horne (1510s – 1579[2]) was an English churchman, and a leading reforming Protestant. One of the Marian exiles,[3] he was subsequently bishop of Winchester from 1560 to 1580.[4]

He was a Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge in 1537.[5][6] He was Dean of Durham 1551 to 1553, and again 1559 to 1560.[7] During his time as Dean he was responsible for removing ornamentation from Durham Cathedral.[8] He was somewhat isolated.

The death of Dean Whitehead in 1551 had enabled the ultra-Protestant Robert Horne to be appointed to the Deanery, but only one conservative prebendary had died and been replaced during the reign, so Horne had very little support in the Chapter and could achieve only the most superficial conformity, even at the cost of making himself very unpopular. The advent of Mary must have caused huge relief in the close. Horne fled, lamenting the failure of his hopes [...][9]

In exile, he was at Zurich, Frankfurt and Strasburg.[6] He wrote additional material for a book of homilies by Jean Calvin (1553).[10]

With Thomas Beccon, John Jewel and Edwin Sandys, he was one of the commissioners of 1559, enforcing the Injunctions of Elizabeth I of England from July of that year.[11]

In controversy with John Feckenham, he wrote in 1566 on the issues of medieval church and state relations. He was then attacked by Thomas Stapleton, for his reliance on the history of the Papacy to be found in Bartolomeo Platina.[12]

He was one of the Bishops' Bible translators (1568), responsible for the Book of Isaiah, Book of Jeremiah, and Book of Lamentations.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bishops of Winchester". Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Ralph Houlbrooke, ‘Horne, Robert (1513x15–1579)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008
  3. ^ John Foxe's Book of Martyrs
  4. ^ Bishops of Winchester Cathedral
  5. ^ "Horne, Robert (HN536R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  6. ^ a b c Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  7. ^ Bishops, Priors and Deans of Durham
  8. ^ Durham Cathedral
  9. ^ David Loades, Durham, the Reformation and the Prayer Book, PDF, p. 7.
  10. ^ 1973 facsimile reprint, Certaine homilies: With an apologie of Robert Horne, ISBN 90-221-0576-8, ISBN 978-90-221-0576-4.
  11. ^ Eamon Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars (1992), pp. 568-9.
  12. ^ John Foxe's Book of Martyrs
Church of England titles
Preceded by
John White
Bishop of Winchester
1560–1580
Succeeded by
John Watson