Robert S. Wood
|Robert S. Wood|
|Second Quorum of the Seventy|
|April 3, 1999– October 3, 2009|
|Called by||Gordon B. Hinckley|
|End reason||Honorably released|
December 25, 1936 |
Idaho Falls, Idaho, United States
Robert S. Wood (born December 25, 1936) has had a career in the dual areas of state and religion, both as a leader and advisor to senior civilian and military officials of the United States Government in the area of National security affairs, and as a leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
The youngest of four children, Wood was born in Idaho Falls, Idaho, to Blanche and John Albert (Jack) Wood. He was baptized as a child, received the Aaronic priesthood in his youth, and the Melchizedek priesthood as a young man. He was selected as a delegate from Idaho to the international YMCA Centennial Conference, traveling from Canada, through the Panama Canal, and throughout Europe.
After high school, Wood began studies at Stanford University, where he met Dixie Leigh Jones. He served in the French Mission from 1957 to 1959, and when he returned to the United States to complete his degree in history, he and Dixie began dating. He recalls, “Probably the most significant question she asked after we had been dating for a while was when she looked me straight in the eye and said, ‘Robert, are you going to stay active?’ ” His answer was clear, and they were married in the Idaho Falls Temple on 27 March 1961.
At Stanford, Wood became interested in international affairs, particularly European affairs. While he was writing his honors thesis he came across the book, A World Restored, by Henry Kissinger. Because of the impact the book had on him, he applied to Harvard, to study at the school where Kissinger was teaching.
The Woods are the parents of four daughters and the grandparents of thirteen grandchildren. According to Wood, “Two things explain our family … First, Heavenly Father just sent us four terrific kids. And second, their mother … I would never have been able to do anything that I’ve done professionally or in the Church had I not married the right woman who asked the question, ‘Are you going to stay active?’”
National Security Affairs
Wood was the holder of the Chester W. Nimitz Chair of National Security at the United States Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, where he also served as Dean of the Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group, and Dean (later, Dean Emeritus) of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, a focal point of strategic and campaign thought in the naval services and a major research group in the national security field.
As part of his responsibilities at the Naval War College, and to the larger military and civilian infrastructure, he has directed war gaming, research, and analysis, for decision makers at the senior levels of the U.S. government, earning his reputation as one of the world's leading authorities on gaming and simulations as an aid to decision-making. After serving as Dean of the Naval War College Strategy Department from 1980-1983 Wood was appointed as Dean of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies in 1983. During his time in this position, the four elements of the Center - wargaming, advanced research, the Strategic Studies Group, and the Naval War College Press-- "were integrated to become the Chief of Naval Operations's think tank of first resort." During this period, in his capacity as Director of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, he oversaw the largest gaming series in U.S. history, "The Global War Games" which included hundreds of senior military and civilian leaders who came together for a two- to three-week period to explore conflict and crisis scenarios, and to explore alternative strategies, policies, and operational plans. During the course of his career he has provided advice on a number of occasions to the White House, the Congress, and the Department of Defense, and represent the United States in meetings with Soviet and British officials during the Cold War.
Wood received a bachelor's degree in history from Stanford University and master's and Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University. In addition to teaching the Naval War College, Wood has held faculty positions at Harvard University, Bentley College, the University of Virginia, the University of Tilburg and the University of Groningen. Additionally, he has served as visiting professor and lecturer at many[specify] prominent universities and institutions at home and abroad, and has been a frequent lecturer at the National Defense University and at all of the U.S. Military Senior Service Schools, the NATO Defense College, and the Federal Executive Institute. He has also authored, co-authored, edited, or contributed to 21 other books and numerous articles on public affairs, executive development, international affairs, and national security policy.
LDS Church service
From 1957 to 1959, Wood served as a missionary in the church's French Mission. Prior to his call as a general authority, his other church leadership positions included area seventy, regional representative, stake president, and bishop. In April 1999, he was appointed as a general authority, serving in the Second Quorum of the Seventy, at the church's general conference in Salt Lake City, Utah. His assignments included being sent to South America, where he was responsible for overseeing social, humanitarian and ecclesiastical affairs for Northern Brazil.
Wood's career, both in church and state, was based on his strong belief that the United States was the model for the world in terms of how a separation of church and state — no state run or state established church — was good for both the church and the state, allowing a variety of religions to flourish. Speaking at the Toronto based Center for New Religions, Wood said that the freedom of conscience and assembly allowed under such a system has led to a "remarkable religiosity" in the United States that isn't present in other industrialized nations.
Wood believes that the U.S. operates on "a sort of civic religion," which includes a generally-shared belief in a creator who "expects better of us." Beyond that, individuals are free to decide how they want to believe and fill in their own creeds and express their conscience. He calls this approach the "genius of religious sentiment in the United States."
- Wood, Robert S. (2007). The Complete Christian. Deseret Book. ISBN 978-1-59038-750-4. OCLC 85766155. ISBN 1-59038-750-3
- Boyer, Pelham G.; Wood, Robert S., eds. (1998). Strategic Transformation and Naval Power in the 21st Century. Naval War College Press. ISBN 1-884733-11-5. OCLC 39538962. ISBN 978-1-884733-11-6.
- Fry, Earl H.; Taylor, Stan A.; Wood, Robert S. (1994). America the Vincible: U.S. Foreign Policy for the 21st Century. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-028457-0. OCLC 28547121.
- Wood, Robert S. (2002 ). "The Constitution, Congressional Government, and the Imperial Republic". In Shuman, Howard E; Thomas, Walter R. The Constitution and National Security: a bicentennial view (University Press of the Pacific [National Defense University Press]): 73–89. ISBN 978-0-89875-920-4. OCLC 60547677.
Notes and references
- "Elder Robert S. Wood of the Seventy", Ensign, May 1999: 114
- Sara Jane Weaver, "Through the Church, he feels at home wherever he travels," Church News, May 29, 1999.
- Panel Moderator Bio, Alan L. Freed Associates.
- Hattendorf, John. B., Simpson, B. Mitchell, and Wadleigh, John R., "Sailors and Scholars: The Centennial History of the U.S. Naval War College," Naval War College Press (Newport, RI: Jan 1, 1984), page 306),
- Hattendorf, John. B., Simpson, B. Mitchell, and Wadleigh, John R., "Sailors and Scholars: The Centennial History of the U.S. Naval War College," Naval War College Press (Newport, RI: Jan 1, 1984), page 319.
- "New temple presidents", Church News, July 4, 2009.]
- Molly Farmer, "U.S. is a model of how variety of religions can flourish," Mormon Times, June 15, 2009.]
- 2008 Deseret Morning News Church Almanac (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Morning News, 2007) p. 59
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert S. Wood.|
- Religious reflections and testimony of Robert S. Wood, "Mormon Scholars Testify," posted June 2010.
- "You're going to be OK...but," Address on the Happiness of Mortality, Keynote Address at the Annual Evergreen Conference, September 13, 2003.
- Video, "Instruments of the Lord's Peace," General Conference Reports, April 2, 2006, Brigham Young University TV.
- "Elder Robert S. Wood Speaks on the Holy Ghost," Report on May 13, 2003 Devotional Address delivered by Robert W. Wood at Brigham Young University, BYU Public Relations Office, May 15, 2003.
- Description of Wood's book, The Complete Christian, with extensive excerpt from the book's introduction. Posted on September 24, 2007.
- Wood's article on LDS ideas about war and peace, for the Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol 4, copyright 1992, Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Video: "The Future Isn't What it Used to Be," "Presidential Lecture" delivered by Wood at Brigham Young University-Hawaii, March 21, 1996. (Note: video includes invocation delivered by Wood's daughter, Rachel.)