Rosa Carmina in 1951
|Born||Rosa Carmina Riverón Jiménez
November 19, 1929
La Habana, Cuba
|Occupation||Actress, dancer and singer|
|Spouse(s)||Francisco Morales Llanes
Juan Orol (1949-1954)
Ramón de Florez
Rosa Carmina Riverón Jiménez (born November 19, 1929 in Havana, Cuba) is a Mexican film actress and dancer of Cuban origin. She is considered one of the icons of the Rumberas film of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema in the 1940s and 1950s. She was also named The Queen of the Gangsters, thanks to her participation in numerous films of this genre directed by Juan Orol.
Rosa Carmina Riverón Jimenez was born in Havana, Cuba, on November 19, 1929. From a young age, she show great interest in the dance, and studied at the School of Dance of her country. However, recognition of Rosa came when the famous Spanish film director Juan Orol travel to Cuba, to find his new protagonist, this due to his recent divorce with the rumbera María Antonieta Pons, also ended the employment relationship that existed during some time between both in the Mexican Cinema. Not finding a dancer to give him the type for the character in the movie Una mujer de Oriente, Orol thought about retiring when he called by Erique Brion, an a speaker, and was invited to Cuba for an event. The call was to inform him about a 16 years old girl, of good figure and a unique form of dance.
Rosa Carmina began her career starring in the film Una mujer de Oriente (1946). She was a key part during several years of the Orol film equipment in his best Gangster films of the decades of the 1940s and 1950s: Tania, la bella salvaje (1947), Gangsters contra charros (1949), Cabaret Shanghai (1950), ¡Que idiotas son los hombres!, Sandra, la mujer de fuego (1954) and El sindicato del crímen (1955). Rosa also filmed with production houses like CLASA Films and Productions Rosas Priego, from which also becomes in exclusive artist. Her most popular productions without the baton of Orol highlighted La bandida (1948), Viajera (1951), En carne viva (1952), Estrella sin luz (1953) and La segunda mujer (1954). She alternated with figures such as Roberto Cañedo, Fernando Fernández, Antonio Aguilar, Rafael Baledón, Lilia Prado, Cesar Romero, Columba Domínguez, María Elena Marqués, Katy Jurado, Jose Sacristán and Pedro Armendariz Jr., among others. As an entrepreneur in her own shows, she is a pioneer, to be presented live in arenas and stadiums across the Latin America, which reached significant success in an era when television was not yet considered a mass medium communication. She also worked in many nightclubs in Musical Revues, with figures such as Los Panchos, Rosita Fornés, Adalberto Martinez, Amalia Aguilar and Libertad Lamarque.
With the decline of the Rumberas Film, Rosa ventures into other genres such as the comedy and fantasy films. Her last work with Orol, was in the film Mexico de Noche (1968). In 1974, the writer Mario Vargas Llosa directed her in Pantaleón y las Visitadoras based on his novel of the same title. In 1975 she participates in the classic "cult film" Bellas de noche, a film that began the saga of the Cine de Ficheras. In 1981, she reappeared in the film Rastro de muerte, directed by Arturo Ripstein. Her last film was Esta y l'otra con un solo boleto, in 1983.
Rosa Carmina has had a fleeting presence in the Mexican telenovelas, limiting herself only in guest appearances. Probably her most memorable works in this medium are Muchachita (1986) and the popular María Mercedes (1992), alongside the singer Thalía. This is, to date, her last professional acting job.
Rosa Carmina has been married several times. Her first husband, Francisco Morales Llanes, was a military and head of the "intelligence" in Cuba during the World War II. After, she married with the controversial producer and Spanish director Juan Orol. Her third husband was Ramon de Florez. In her fourth and fifth marriage, she joined with businessmen of Spanish and Lebanese origin respectively.
- The Mexican painter and sculptor José Luis Cuevas has stated numerous times in the press and on television that he baptizes the Zona Rosa, Mexico City in her honor.
- In the biographical film about Juan Orol made by the filmmaker Sebastián del Amo, (El fantástico mundo de Juan Orol, 2012), Rosa Carmina is played by the Mexican actress Ximena Gonzalez Rubio.
- Una Mujer de Oriente (1946)
- Tania, la Bella Salvaje (1947)
- El Reino de los Gangsters (1947)
- La Bandida (1948)
- Gangsters contra charros (1949)
- Amor salvaje (1950)
- Cabaret Shanghai (1950)
- Traicionera (1951)
- ¡Que idiotas son los hombres! (1952)
- Viajera (1952)
- En carne viva (1953)
- Estrella sin luz (1953)
- La segunda mujer (1953)
- La Diosa de Tahití (1953)
- Sandra, la Mujer de Fuego (1954)
- Sindicato del Crimen (1955)
- El Cristo negro (1955)
- Bajo la influencia del miedo (1956)
- Quiereme con música (1957)
- Cabaret Trágico (1958)
- Mis secretarias privadas (1961)
- El Rostro Infernal (1962)
- Mexico de Noche (1974)
- Pantaleón y Las Visitadoras (1974)
- Bellas de noche (1975)
- Rastro de Muerte (1981)
- Teatro Follies (1983)
- Esta y l'otra con un solo boleto (1983)
- La pasión de Isabela (1984)
- Juana iris (1985)
- Muchachita (1986)
- Morir para vivir (1986)
- Simplemente Maria (1988)
- María Mercedes (1992)
- Muñoz Castillo, Fernando (1993). Las Reinas del Tropico: Maria Antonieta Pons, Meche Barba, Amalia Aguilar, Ninón Sevilla & Rosa Carmina. Grupo Azabache. ISBN 968-6084-85-1.
- Las Rumberas del Cine Mexicano (The Rumberas of the Mexican Cinema) (1999). In SOMOS. México: Editorial Televisa, S. A. de C. V.
- Agrasánchez Jr., Rogelio (2001). Bellezas del cine mexicano/Beauties of Mexican Cinema. Archivo Fílmico Agrasánchez. ISBN 968-5077-11-8.
- Rosa Carmina at the Internet Movie Database
- Rosa Carmina at the Cinema of Mexico site of the ITESM (Spanish)
- LA MUJER DE FUEGO... ROSA CARMINA