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|Born||Rosa Carmina Riverón Jimenez
November 19, 1929
La Habana, Cuba
|Occupation||film actress, dancer|
Rosa Carmina is a legendary Cuban actress and vedette of the Golden age of Mexican cinema. Born in La Habana, she was discovered by the Spanish director and producer Juan Orol, seeking a substitute for his former muse and ex wife Maria Antonieta Pons. She goes to México to starr in the movie Una Mujer de oriente (1946).
She formed a cinematographic team with Orol in numerous films in the 1940s and 1950s. Her most popular films are Tania, la bella salvaje (1947), Viajera (1951), En carne viva (1952), Sandra, la Mujer de Fuego (1954), Sindicato del Crímen (1955) and many more. She was the most famous star of Juan Orol. Ultimate star of the "Cine de Gángsters" of the Mexican Cinema. Rosa's ellegant style was the key of her great success.
As an entrepreneur of her own shows, is a pioneer, to perform live in both arenas, and stadiums, along the Latin American continent in which significant successes achieved in an era when television was still not considered a means mass media. Carmina films under Mario Vargas Llosa direction Pantaleón y las Visitadoras (1974), a Paramount production made in the Dominican Republic, which Rosa is dressed by Oscar de la Renta, and works with Katy Jurado and José Sacristán. The film is considered one of her last relevant appearances in the cinema.
She has received numerous honors, both in Mexico and abroad, which offered both at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, as the Festival of Three Continents in Nantes, France, where she earned a tremendous success according to the French press to appear live with her show "Rumba, poetry and song", as well as at several universities in Germany. The charismatic Mexican painter and sculptor Jose Luis Cuevas, baptizes the Zona Rosa of the Mexico City in her honor. Married several times, her first husband, Francisco Morales Llanes, was military head of the "Intelligence" "in Cuba during the Second World War. After he married the controversial Spanish producer and director John Orol. Her third husband was Ramon de Florez, belonging to a Spanish family of pedigree linked both to the court of Alfonso XIII, as the Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz. In her fourth and fifth marriage joined entrepreneurs of Spanish and Lebanese origin, respectively. Was known, too, the great admiration that especially aroused in the dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo of the Dominican Republic, as in Marcos Pérez Jiménez of Venezuela. Actually lives retired in the most exclusive area of Barcelona, Spain, with the same glamour as ever.
She is remembered as one of the greatests Rumba dancers of the Mexican Cinema along the superstars Maria Antonieta Pons, Meche Barba, Amalia Aguilar and Ninón Sevilla,frequently referred as the "Tropical Queens".
In 2006 she was honored with the Silver Ariel award for her contribution to the Mexican Motion picture industry.
- Una Mujer de Oriente (1946)
- Tania, la Bella Salvaje (1947)
- El Reino de los Gangsters (1947)
- La Bandida (1948)
- Gangsters contra Charros (1949)
- Amor salvaje (1950)
- Cabaret Shanghai (1950)
- Traicionera (1951)
- ¡Que idiotas son los hombres! (1952)
- Viajera (1952)
- En carne viva (1953)
- Estrella sin luz (1953)
- La segunda mujer (1953)
- La Diosa de Tahití (1953)
- Sandra, la Mujer de Fuego (1954)
- Sindicato del Crimen (1955)
- El Cristo negro (1955)
- Bajo la influencia del miedo (1956)
- Quiereme con música (1957)
- Cabaret Trágico (1958)
- Mis secretarias privadas (1961)
- El Rostro Infernal (1962)
- Mexico de Noche (1974)
- Pantaleón y Las Visitadoras (1974)
- Bellas de Noche (1975)
- Rastro de Muerte (1981)
- Teatro Follies (1983)
- Esta y l'otra con un solo boleto (1983)
- La pasión de Isabela (1984)
- Juana iris (1985)
- Muchachita (1986)
- Morir para vivir (1986)
- Simplemente Maria (1988)
- María Mercedes (1992)
- Muñoz Castillo, Fernando (1993). Las Reinas del Tropico: Maria Antonieta Pons, Meche Barba, Amalia Aguilar, Ninón Sevilla & Rosa Carmina. Grupo Azabache. ISBN 968-5077-11-8.
- Agrasánchez Jr., Rogelio (2001). Bellezas del cine mexicano/Beauties of Mexican Cinema. Archivo Fílmico Agrasánchez. ISBN 968-5077-11-8.