Rosmarinus

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Rosmarinus
(194) Rosemary.jpg
Rosmarinus officinalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Genus: Rosmarinus
L.[1]

Rosmarinus /ˌrɒsməˈrnəs/[2] is a small genus of woody, perennial herbs with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean Basin.

Description[edit]

R. officinalis (rosemary), widespread in the Mediterranean region, and R. eriocalyx, native to northwest Africa and southern Spain have long been widely recognized. Rosmarinus tomentosus was first recognized as a separate species in 1941. Rosmarinus palaui was first described as a species in 2002, although recognition of this species remains controversial. Recent research has indicated that while R. tomentosus froms a monophyletic group, this group is nested within a paraphyletic R. eriocalyx.[3]

Rosmarinus eriocalyx differs from the well-known herb rosemary in its smaller leaves, only 5–15 mm long and less than 2 mm broad, and densely hairy flower stems. It also tends to be lower-growing, often under 25 cm tall and prostrate, and never exceeding 1 m tall (R. officinalis can reach 1.5 m, exceptionally 2 m, tall).

Species and nothospecies accepted by the Kew World Checklist[4]
  1. Rosmarinus eriocalyx Jord. & Fourr. - Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Libya
  2. Rosmarinus × lavandulaceus de Noé - Spain, Morocco, Algeria (R. eriocalyx × R. officinalis)
  3. Rosmarinus × mendizabalii Sagredo ex Rosua - Granada region of Spain (R. officinalis × R. tomentosus)
  4. Rosmarinus officinalis L. – Rosemary - Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Albania, Yugoslavia, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Cyprus, Turkey; naturalized in Bulgaria, Crimea, Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Bermuda, Texas, central Mexico
  5. Rosmarinus palaui (O.Bolòs & Molin.) Rivas Mart. & M.J.Costa (syn of R. officinalis)
  6. Rosmarinus tomentosus Hub.-Mor. & Maire - southern Spain

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Rosmarinus L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Rossello, J.A. et al. (2006). "Intragenomic diversity and phylogenetic systematics of wild rosemaries (Rosmarinus officinalis L. s.l., Lamiaceae) assessed by nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences (ITS)". Plant Systematics and Evolution 262 (1-2): 1–12. doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0454-5. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

External links[edit]

Media related to Rosmarinus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Rosmarinus at Wikispecies