Royal Queensland Regiment

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The Royal Queensland Regiment
Royal Queensland Regiment.png
Cap badge of the Royal Queensland Regiment
Active 1 July 1960–Present
Country Australia
Branch Army
Type Reserve Infantry
Role Light Infantry
Size Three battalions
Part of Royal Australian Infantry Corps
Garrison/HQ 9th Battalion – Enoggera
25th/49th Battalion – Greenbank Military Range
31st/42nd Battalion – Townsville and Rockhampton
Motto Pro Aris Et Focis (For Altars and Hearths)
March Southern Cross
Commanders
Colonel in Chief HM The Queen
(Royal Australian Infantry Corps)
Insignia
Unit Colour Patch 9 RQR UCP.PNG 25-49 Battalion RQR Colour Patch.svg 31 RQR UCP.PNG 42 RQR UCP.PNG
Abbreviation RQR

The Royal Queensland Regiment (RQR) is a reserve light infantry formation in the Australian Army based in Queensland.

Current Structure[edit]

The regiment currently consists of three battalions:

History[edit]

The RQR was formed in 1960 as part of the reorganisation of the Citizen's Militia Force, which saw all CMF battalions in each state amalgamated into state regiments.[1] Initially, the regiment simply had a 1st and 2nd Battalion. However, to perpetuate the old battalions of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force, the two battalions were renumbered as the 9th Battalion and the 31st Battalion. Three further battalions (25th, 42nd and 51st) were formed in 1965, with the 49th Battalion formed a year later.[2] In 1985, the 51st Battalion was separated from the rest of the Royal Queensland Regiment and reformed as the 51st Battalion, Far North Queensland Regiment, while the 25th and 49th Battalions were amalgamated into a single battalion in 1997. The 31st and 42nd Battalions were amalgamated in 2008.[3]

The Queensland Regiment was formed from seven other regiments:[2]

Previous battalions include:[2]

  • 25th Battalion (25 RQR)
  • 31st Battalion (31 RQR)
  • 42nd Battalion (42 RQR)
  • 49th Battalion (49 RQR)
  • 51st Battalion (51 RQR)

Battle honours[edit]

The Royal Queensland Regiment holds the following battle honours:[2]

  • Boer War: South Africa 1899–1902
  • World War I: Somme 1916, Pozières, Bapaume, Bullecourt, Messines 1917, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Ancre, Villers Bretonneux, Lys, Hazebrouck, Kemmel, Hamel, Amiens, Albert, Mont St. Quentin, Hindenburg Line, Épèhy, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, France and Flanders 1916–18, Anzac, Landing at Anzac, Defence of Anzac, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli, Egypt 1915–16
  • World War II: North Africa, Giarabub, Defence of Tobruk, The Salient, Syria, Syrian Frontier, Merjayun, Jezzine, Chehim and Rharife, Damour, Mazraat ech Chouf, Hill 1069, Bandarene, South West Pacific 1942–45, Kokoda Trail, Ioribaiwa, Eora Creek-Templeton's Crossing II, Oivi-Gorari, Buna-Gona, Gona, Cape Endaiadere-Sinemi Creek, Sananda-Cape, Killerton, Milne Bay, Mount Tambu, Tambu Bay, Komiatum, Lae-Nadzab, Lae Road, Liberation of Australian New Guinea, Ramu Valley, Shaggy Ridge, Finisterres, Tsimba Ridge, Bonnis-Porton, Artillery Hill, Pearl Ridge, Mawaraka, Mosigetta, Puriata River, Darara, Slater's Knoll, Hongorai River, Mivo Ford, Borneo, Balikpapan, Milford Highway.

Alliances[edit]

The regiment holds the following alliances:[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Shaw 2010, p. 10.
  2. ^ a b c d e Festberg 1972, p. 26.
  3. ^ "11th Brigade History". Department of Defence. Retrieved 4 May 2009. 
Bibliography
  • Festberg, Alfred (1972). The Lineage of the Australian Army. Melbourne, Victoria: Allara Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85887-024-6. 
  • Shaw, Peter (2010). "The Evolution of the Infantry State Regiment System in the Army Reserve". Sabretache (Garran, Australian Capital Territory: Military Historical Society of Australia) LI (4 (December)): pp. 5–12. ISSN 0048-8933. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Anderson, Peter. 1987. Moreton Regiment, 1886, First Regiment of Queensland. Published by P.Anderson. ISBN 1-86252-648-6
  • Cranston, Frederick. 1983. Always Faithful: A History of the 49th Australian Infantry Battalion, 1916–1982. Boolarong Publications. ISBN 0-908175-60-4
  • Doneley, Robert. 1997. Black over Blue: The 25th Battalion, AIF, at War, 1915–1918. USQ Press. ISBN 0-949414-79-4.
  • Johnson, D.H. 1975. Volunteers at Heart: The Queensland Defence Forces, 1860–1901. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0-7022-0836-1

External links[edit]