Rubus arcticus

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Rubus arcticus
Rubus arcticus.jpg
From "Bilder ur Nordens Flora" (1917-1926)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Cyclactis
Species: R. arcticus
Binomial name
Rubus arcticus
L.

Rubus arcticus, the Arctic bramble[1] or Arctic raspberry, (includes Rubus arcticus ssp. acaulis - (Michx.)) is a species of slow-growing bramble belonging to the rose family. Its dark red fruit is considered a delicacy. In the Pacific Northwest it is sometimes called the nagoon or nagoonberry, a name which derives from the Tlingit neigóon. A measure of the quality of its fruit is expressed in its Russian name княженика, signifying the "berry of princes". It grows in northern Sweden, Norway, Finland, Russia (Siberia), in few locations in Estonia, Lithuania and in parts of North America.

Description[edit]

A small red berry not unlike the sister varieties, with an unusual hardiness to frost and cold weather conditions.

Ripe Arctic raspberry

Distribution[edit]

The Arctic raspberry can be found mainly in northern landscapes of Alaska, Canada, Finland, Scandinavia and Northern Russia. It grows most often in acidic soils rich in organic matter.

Uses[edit]

The fruits of the Arctic raspberry are very tasty and, among other uses, make jam and liqueur, or flavour tea. Carl von Linné considered the Arctic raspberry - åkerbär in Swedish - a great delicacy in his Flora Lapponica (1737). Also used in Smirnoff Ice and North, and Lignell & Piispanen's Mesimarjalikööri, and Wine fruit of Arctic RaspBerry (Central Arctic in Adub). Arctic raspberry is the provincial plant of the Norrbotten province of northern Sweden.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 

External links[edit]