Russulales

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Russulales
Russula emetica.jpg
Russula emetica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Subphylum: Agaricomycotina
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Russulales
Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David
Families

Albatrellaceae
Amylostereaceae
Auriscalpiaceae
Bondarzewiaceae
Echinodontiaceae
Hericiaceae
Hybogasteraceae
Lachnocladiaceae
Peniophoraceae
Russulaceae
Gloeocystidiellaceae
Stereaceae

Synonyms[1]

1981 Aleurodiscales Jülich
1981 Bondarzewiales Jülich
1981 Hericiales Jülich
1981 Lachnocladiales Jülich
1981 Stereales Jülich
1998 Peniophorales Boidin, Mugnier & Canales

The Russulales are an order of the Agaricomycetes, (which include the agaric genera Russula and Lactarius and their polyporoid and corticioid relatives). According to the Dictionary of the Fungi (10th edition, 2008), the order consists of 12 families, 80 genera, and 1767 species.[2]

Russuloid agarics represent an independent evolutionary line of agarics, not directly related to the Agaricales.

This group also includes a number of russuloid hypogeous fungi, polypores such as Bondarzewia, some tooth fungi (e.g. Auriscalpium vulgare), and club fungi e.g. Artomyces.[3] Basidiospores in this group are typically ornamented with amyloid warts or reticulation but a few exceptions are known, e.g. Heterobasidion annosum. The genus Clavicorona was often treated in the Russulales, but its type species, C. taxophila is in the Agaricales. The remaining species are retained in the Russulales in the genus Artomyces.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russulales Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David 2001". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 609. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  3. ^ Miller, S.L. et al. (2006). "Perspectives in the new Russulales". Mycologia 98 (6): 960–970. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.960. PMID 17486972. 
  4. ^ Lickey, E.B. et al. (2003). "Phylogenetic and taxonomic studies in Artomyces and Clavicorona (Homobasidiomycetes: Auriscalpiaceae)". Sydowia 55: 181–254. 

External links[edit]