Location of Ruston, Washington
|• Total||0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)|
|• Land||0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||767|
|• Density||2,880.8/sq mi (1,112.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512629|
Although it is nearly indistinguishable from the adjacent city of Tacoma, the predominantly residential area still retains its status as a separate municipality long after it ceased to be a company town. The local government opted to reclassify Ruston as a city in late 2012.
In 1890 industrialist W.R. Rust established Tacoma Smelting & Refining Company and a company town for his employees, naming the place "Smelter". On October 22, 1906, residents voted to change to the name to Ruston, in honor of Mr. Rust. Ruston was officially incorporated on November 10, 1906. It is surrounded on one side by Commencement Bay and all other sides the city of Tacoma. The primary industry for decades was the ASARCO copper smelting plant on the waterfront. The smelter and its landmark smokestack have been gone for years, and a massive Superfund cleanup at the former site has been underway since the early 1990s. This area has been renamed Point Ruston as construction on a large residential and commercial development has commenced which could add over 1,000 residents to the city.
The Ruston town council passed a measure to become a noncharter code city under Washington law in late 2012. Officials indicated that the "Town of Ruston" moniker will continue to be used, however.
As of the census of 2010, there were 749 people, 336 households, and 194 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,880.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,112.3/km2). There were 430 housing units at an average density of 1,653.8 per square mile (638.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 87.0% White, 2.9% African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.0% of the population.
There were 336 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.78.
The median age in the town was 39.5 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 31.7% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 738 people, 330 households, and 185 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,879.9 people per square mile (1,095.9/km²). There were 355 housing units at an average density of 1,385.3 per square mile (527.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.26% White, 2.57% African American, 2.98% Native American, 2.30% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 3.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.
There were 330 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.9% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town the age distribution of the population shows 20.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $48,393, and the median income for a family was $54,167. Males had a median income of $36,932 versus $36,042 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,565. About 7.7% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Town of Ruston". Government of the Town of Ruston. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
- "Ruston". Washington Place Names database. Tacoma Public Library. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
- John Langeler (November 19, 2012). "Town of Ruston grows up". Seattle: KING5.com.
- Matt Misterek (October 2, 2012). "Change from town to city gives Ruston leaders more autonomy". The News Tribune (Tacoma).
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 11, 2014.
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