|Date of birth||25 September 1961|
|Place of birth||Tel Aviv, Israel|
|Party represented in Knesset|
Calderon was born in Tel Aviv in 1961 to a Sephardic father who emigrated to Palestine from Bulgaria and an Ashkenazi mother originally from Germany. She grew up in what she describes as "a very Jewish, very Zionist, secular-traditional-religious home that combined Ashkenaz and Sepharad, Betar and Hashomer Hatzair," and attended public schools.
She earned a BA at Oranim Academic College and the University of Haifa, and went on to earn her MA and Ph.D. degrees in Talmud from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1989, she established the first Israeli secular, pluralistic and egalitarian Beth Midrash for women and men. In 1996 she founded ALMA, which seeks to acquaint secular Israelis with Hebrew culture. She hosted a TV show on Channel 2 that invited guests to discuss classic and modern Jewish texts.
In 2012 Calderon joined the new Yesh Atid party, and was placed thirteenth on the party's list for the 2013 elections. She subsequently became a Knesset member after the party won 19 seats. Her initial speech on the floor of the Knesset included personal anecdotes and talmudic quotations in a plea for mutual understanding and respect, and became a YouTube sensation.
Calderon is divorced with three children and lives in Tel Aviv.
- Ruth Calderon on the Knesset website
- Ruth Calderone (14 February 2013). "'The Heritage Of All Israel'. Inaugural speech in the Knesset". The Jewish Week (in English translation).
- Daniella Cheslow (25 February 2013). "In New Knesset, a True Maverick. Why Ruth Calderon, a Talmud scholar and rookie politician, has a shot at breaking the Orthodox monopoly on Judaism". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved 26 February 2013.