Sacral ganglia

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Nerve: Sacral ganglia
Latin ganglia sacralia
To sacral splanchnic nerves

The sacral ganglia are paravertebral ganglia of the sympathetic trunk.[1]:39 As the sympathetic trunk heads inferiorly down the sacrum, it turns medially. There are generally four or five sacral ganglia. In addition to gray rami communicantes, the ganglia send off sacral splanchnic nerves to join the inferior hypogastric plexus.

Recurrences of genital herpes are caused by herpes simplex virus which lies dormant in the sacral ganglia between bouts of active infection.[2]

Near the coccyx, the right and left sympathetic trunks join to form the ganglion impar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moore, Keith L. Moore, Anne M.R. Agur ; in collaboration with and with content provided by Arthur F. Dalley II ; with the expertise of medical illustrator Valerie Oxorn and the developmental assistance of Marion E. (2007). Essential clinical anatomy (3rd ed. ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-6274-X. 
  2. ^ "VIROLOGY - CHAPTER ELEVEN HERPES VIRUSES". Microbiology and Immunology Online. University of South Carolina School of Medicine. Retrieved 10 April 2012.