Saint Boniface Cathedral

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Saint Boniface Cathedral
St Boniface.jpg
Saint Boniface Cathedral
Basic information
Location Saint Boniface, Canada
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Province Manitoba
District Saint Boniface
Website Official website
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Specifications

Saint Boniface Cathedral is a Roman Catholic basilica and the cathedral of Saint Boniface, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

It is an important building in Winnipeg, and is the principal church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Boniface, serving the eastern part of Manitoba province as well as the local Franco-Manitoban community. The basilica sits in the centre of the city at 190 avenue de la Cathédrale, Saint Boniface.

History[edit]

Early St. Boniface Church and Fort Gibraltar in 1821
St. Boniface Cathedral and the Grey Nuns' Convent in 1858

19th-century origins[edit]

The first church on the site was founded by Fr. Norbert Provencher, a priest and future bishop, who ordered its construction in 1818 in the form of a small log chapel. In 1832 Bishop Provencher built the first cathedral but on December 14, 1860, a fire destroyed the first building. In 1862, Bishop Alexandre Antonin Taché rebuilt the cathedral in stone.

20th century rebuilding[edit]

By 1900, St. Boniface was the fifth largest city in the West and needed a larger cathedral. Local contractors Senecal and Smith were engaged to build a new cathedral to plans by Montreal architect Jean-Omer Marchand. On August 15, 1906, Monsignor Louis-Philippe Adélard Langevin dedicated the cathedral, which became one of the most imposing churches in Western Canada.[1]

On July 22, 1968, the 1906 cathedral was damaged in a fire, destroying many features including the rose window. Only the facade, sacristy, and the walls of the old church remained.

In 1972, a new smaller cathedral, designed by Étienne Gaboury and Denis Lussier, was built behind the 1906 façade.[1]

The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at St Boniface Cathedral.[2]

Cathedral cemetery[edit]

The Cathedral from the Forks Riverwalk

Notable people buried in the cathedral cemetery include:[1][3]

Surroundings[edit]

The Cathedral faces the Red River. Nearby is Esplanade Riel, Provencher Bridge, Provencher Park, Tache Promenade, Verendrye Park, the Université de Saint-Boniface and the Saint-Boniface Museum. In Verendrye Park is a monument to Pierre La Vérendrye. Across the river is The Forks in Downtown Winnipeg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Canada's Historic Places (St. Boniface Cathedral)". Retrieved 2015-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Institute for stained glass in Canada". Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  3. ^ Ambroise Didyme Lépine, Military leader at Find a Grave

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°53′21″N 97°07′19″W / 49.8893°N 97.1220°W / 49.8893; -97.1220