Salcedo, Hermanas Mirabal

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Salcedo
Salcedo is located in the Dominican Republic
Salcedo
Salcedo
Coordinates: 19°25′12″N 70°23′24″W / 19.42000°N 70.39000°W / 19.42000; -70.39000Coordinates: 19°25′12″N 70°23′24″W / 19.42000°N 70.39000°W / 19.42000; -70.39000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Hermanas Mirabal
Area[1]
 • Total 190.6 km2 (73.6 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 196 m (643 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 45,299
 • Density 240/km2 (620/sq mi)
 • Demonym Salcedense
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

160 km
Municipalities 1

Salcedo is the capital city of the Hermanas Mirabal Province in the Dominican Republic.

It is famous for being the birthplace of the Dominican heroines, the Mirabal sisters who gave their lives in the struggle against the dictator Rafael Trujillo. There is a museum in the town, Ojo de Agua (lit. Water Eye but also spring) commemorating three of sisters who were killed in the struggle against dictatorship. It is tended to by the remaining sister, Bélgica (Dedé) Mirabal.

The city is named after Francisco Antonio Salcedo who fought in the northwestern part of the country against the Haitian army during the Dominican-Haitian War after the Dominican independence from Haiti in 1844.

Geography[edit]

Salcedo is located in the Cibao Valley, south of the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"). It has a total area of 432.95 km².[1] It has only one municipal district (a subdivision of a municipality): Jamao Afuera.[4]

History[edit]

In the place where is now the city of Salcedo there was a very small town with the name of Juana Núñez. It was made a Puesto cantonal (an old category that now is called Municipal District) in 1880 as part of the old La Vega province.[5]

With the creation of the Espaillat province in 1885, Juana Núñez was made part of this new province. In 1891, its name was changed from Juana Núñez to the present one, Salcedo.

Salcedo was made a municipality in 1905 and, when the Salcedo Province (now Hermanas Mirabal Province) was created in 1952, the city became the head municipality of the new province.

Economy[edit]

Farming is the only economic activity in the municipality, except for some very small industries; the main products are plantain, cassava and cacao.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  5. ^ Pouerié Cordero, M.M (1997). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.