Sampo (1960 icebreaker)
Sampo at dock
|Builder:||Oy Wärtsilä Ab Hietalahti shipyard|
|Length:||75.68 m (248.3 ft)|
|Beam:||17.40 m (57.1 ft)|
|Height:||14 m (46 ft)|
|Draught:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Ice class:||1 A Super|
|Installed power:||8 main generators with total capacity of 6,000 kW|
|Propulsion:||4 engines, two screws|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph);
6–8 kn (11–15 km/h; 7–9 mph) in 50 cm (20 in) ice
|Notes:||Icebreaking capability 80–120 cm (31–47 in) solid ice|
Sampo is a Finnish icebreaker built in 1960 in Helsinki and now stationed in Kemi. The Sampo has a long and distinguished service record. The massive vessel, which was completed in 1961, was built to operate in extreme arctic conditions. In the northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia it kept lanes free for shipping for nearly 30 years. Its predecessor of the same name (1898–1960) was the first icebreaker in Europe with a propeller in the bow and stern. The ship is now used for tourist cruises.
Town of Kemi bought Sampo from the National Board of Navigation in the year 1987. The price of the vessel was 19 pennies per kilogram i.e. 1 million Finnish Mark (about 167 000 €). Just by making a purchase decision Sampo got the Finnish Tourist Boards reward of Best Tourism Product of the year 1987.
Sampo in tourism
During the late winter 1988 Sampo started its career among tourism. Sampo made its first cruise 14.4.1988 with foreign and domestic media. In the year 1989 Sampo had 1000 passengers and year 1994 the record was 6000 passengers. While doing tourist cruises Sampo also kept lanes free for shipping in the northern Gulf of Bothnia.
The home port of Sampo is Ajos in Kemi. During the summer time Sampo stays in its home port but during the wintertime it makes tourist cruises in the Gulf of Bothnia. During the cruise tourists have a chance to go down from the icebreaker and float in the sea dressed with rescue suites. They can also participate in the guided ship tour and to get to know the icebreaker from the engine room to the bridge. Sampo can take 150 passengers at a time. Yearly Sampo takes about 10 000 tourists to the cruises, and totally there has been passengers from over 50 countries.
Media related to Sampo (ship, 1960) at Wikimedia Commons
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