San Diego Police Department
|San Diego Police Department|
|Designed in 1988, these patches were originally brown to match the tan uniforms of the time.|
|Flag of San Diego, California|
|Formed||May 9, 1889|
|Annual budget||$277 million|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of San Diego in the state of California, United States|
San Diego, CA 92101
|Sworn members||approximately 2100 officers|
|Unsworn members||approximately 600 support staff and non-sworn officers|
|Agency executive||Shelley Zimmerman, Chief of Police|
|San Diego Police Department|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The San Diego Police Department (SDPD) is the primary law enforcement agency for the city of San Diego, California. The department was officially established on May 9, 1889.
Since the police department was formed in 1889, it has had a rich history, serving a very diverse city consisting of many constituents with competing interests.
The department operated primarily out of the City Hall until a new, state of the art police headquarters was constructed in 1938. The facility was located at 801 West Market Street in downtown, currently the intersection of Harbor Drive and Pacific Highway. The building was unique in that it was Spanish style, terracotta tile roof, with palm trees, large inner courtyards, and even had a bowling alley. The building held the city courts and jail at the same location. SDPD outgrew the facility and moved headquarters to the present location of 1401 Broadway in 1988. The old headquarters sat empty for over 20 years and almost faced demolition. The actions of the San Diego Police Historical Association saved the building, placing it on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. The building was remodeled in 2013, and opened as The Headquarters, a shopping and entertainment area located next to Seaport Village.
The department has played host to a number of world famous events, many of them leading to reforms and advances in law enforcement nationwide. On April 8, 1965, the largest police shootout in U.S. history at that time occurred when a gunman entered the Hub Jewelry and Loan Company at Fifth Avenue and F Street downtown and murdered the store owner. Responding officers were greeted with gunfire, and during the shootout, the gunman and police fired more than 1,000 rounds. The shootout ended when Sergeant A. D. Brown went into the building armed with a shotgun. As he searched the building, Brown heard multiple clicks behind him. The suspect was pulling the trigger of his gun, but fortunately, the gun was loaded with the wrong ammo, and Sergeant Brown shot the suspect. The lack of an organized response to this incident led to the creation of what is now the special weapons and tactics (SWAT) team.
In 1976, the department created the Border Area Robbery Force. In response to violence against undocumented immigrants along the San Ysidro border, a group of SDPD officers dressed as immigrants and patrolled the canyon. The group was involved in many shootouts, resulting in the deaths of a number of bandits.
In one of the wildest police chases in history, on May 17, 1995, Shawn Nelson, an unemployed plumber with a military background, stole a National Guard M-60 tank and drove through the Mesa College area, leading San Diego PD on a nationally televised chase.
San Diego police department was at the center of the very famous Supreme Court of the United States and Ninth Circuit cases Kolender v. Lawson, 461 U.S. 352 (1983), which held unconstitutional laws that allow police to demand that “loiterers” and “wanderers” provide identification; this continues to affect other departments nationwide.
The San Diego Police Historical Association, a separate non-profit that works closely with the department, operates a museum of department history, and keeps a fleet of approximately 25 historic vehicles. The museum is free and open to the public, and the vehicles are used in parades and special events. http://www.sdpolicemuseum.com/
Ranks of the SDPD
|Executive Assistant Chief||Uniform Collar|
|Assistant Chief||Uniform Collar|
|Police Officer III||No Special Insignia|
|Police Officer II||No Special Insignia|
|Police Officer I||No Special Insignia|
|Police Recruit||No Special Insignia|
San Diego Police officers are issued a .40 caliber Sig Sauer P229R for duty carry, but are allowed to carry their own sidearms if they are on the approved carry list. Examples include Glock and 1911-style handguns. Patrol cars are outfitted with secure locks for shotguns, as well as either AR-15 or carbine rifles. Officers are required to purchase their own rifles for use on duty if they so choose. Officers carry an array of non-lethal weapons, including the X26 Taser, expandable or straightstick baton, OC spray, and most vehicles are equipped with a bean bag shotgun. The department operates with various Motorola digital/encrypted police radios.
The standard Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor is the staple of the department, but is being phased out as of 2013. Ford is no longer making the vehicle, and after extensive testing, SDPD will now being using the Ford Police Interceptor Utility.
The department also uses Ford Econoline vans for prisoner transport, bicycle team, and the Homeless Outreach Team transport.
A number of full sized Ford Explorers and Expeditions are used for beach team and canyon patrol activities, phasing out older Chevrolet Tahoes. Newer Tahoes were ordered recently for use by field command staff.
Special Operations have a number of vehicles, including 8 mobile command vehicles, SWAT armoured tanks/Bearcat and command vans, Emergency Negotiations command, and SkyWatch surveillance towers.
Traffic Division, housing the departments Accident Investigation Bureau and Motorcycle teams, operate with BMW police motors. Traffic Division also covers the city Parking Enforcement Officers, who primarily drive Go-4 Interceptor three wheel vehicles, and also are starting to use Smart cars for enforcement.
Historically, the department has gone back and forth between black/white and all white vehicles, and currently uses the black/white design with the four passenger doors painted white. The newer Police Intercepter SUVs will only have the front two doors and roof painted white. The San Diego city seal is centered on the door, with the department motto "America's Finest" above the seal, and "To Protect and Serve" below. Historic cars used to have the motto "Your Safety...Our Business" on the lower door, which was discontinued in the 1970s.
Line of duty deaths
Since the department's establishment, 32 officers have died in the line of duty.
|Name||Date of Death||Cause|
|Officer Emery E. Campbell||27 Aug 1913||Gunfire|
|Sergeant Oliver S. Hopkins||02 Jul 1915||Vehicular assault|
|Patrolman Walter B. Holcomb||21 Oct 1918||Spanish flu from transporting the ill|
|Officer Joseph S. Lee||19 Mar 1921||Vehicle pursuit|
|Detective Charles R. Harris||03 Apr 1927||Gunfire|
|Officer Robert Lee Powers||16 Jun 1928||Vehicular assault|
|Patrolman Robert B. McPherson||19 Sep 1929||Assault|
|Patrolman Edward J. Moore||15 Jan 1933||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Thomas A. Keays||20 Nov 1937||Heart attack|
|Officer Henry J. Goodrich||07 Sep 1940||Motorcycle accident|
|Patrolman Robert F. Bowers||12 Dec 1955||Vehicle pursuit|
|Sergeant Harry Kay Jr.||11 Mar 1957||Automobile accident|
|Patrolman Michael J. Bushman||25 Nov 1963||Automobile accident|
|Sergeant Robert L. Everitt||07 Dec 1964||Struck by vehicle|
|Patrolman James P. Lewis||29 Dec 1970||Gunfire|
|Sergeant Freddie Joel Edwards||07 Oct 1971||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Denis W. Allen||02 Apr 1977||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Archie C. Buggs||04 Nov 1978||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Michael T. Anaya||11 Apr 1979||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Dennis Glenn Gonzales||25 Jun 1979||Struck by vehicle|
|Patrolman Harry Keith Tiffany||06 Jun 1981||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Ronald R. Ebeltoft||06 Jun 1981||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Kirk Leland Johnson||20 Feb 1983||Gunfire|
|Police Officer Kimberly Sue Tonahill||14 Sep 1984||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Timothy J. Ruopp||16 Sep 1984||Gunfire|
|Agent Thomas E. Riggs||31 Mar 1985||Gunfire|
|Patrolman Jerry L. Hartless||31 Jan 1988||Gunfire|
|Officer Ronald Wayne Davis||17 Sep 1991||Gunfire|
|Officer Gerald Kieffer Griffin Jr.||25 Apr 2003||Struck by vehicle|
|Officer Terry William Bennett||26 Jun 2003||Vehicular assault|
|Officer Christopher A. Wilson||27 Oct 2010||Gunfire|
|Officer Jeremy Henwood||06 Aug 2011||Gunfire|
|Officer Jason Prokop||01 Oct 2011||Struck by Vehicle|
On 12 March, 1987, a team from the SDPD raided the home of Tommie DuBose, a civil servant working for the US Navy. They were attempting to serve a warrant on his son, Charles. They may have knocked on the door, accounts differ, but then broke down the door before anyone inside could open it. After a confused struggle, Officer Carlos Garcia shot the Tommie DuBose five times, four times in the back. He died at once. An investigation said the uniforms worn did not allow the policemen to be identified as law enforcement, that they did not allow enough time for the family to open the door and recommended no action be taken against any of the officers. They were all returned to duty.
In 2009, the city was found responsible by a jury for the injuries caused by Sergeant Daniel McLaughlin who used excessive force while dealing with a seventy-year-old man who was handing out water to the homeless.
Om 11 March 2011, San Diego policeman Anthony Arevalos was arrested on 18 charges related to traffic stops he conducted between 2009 and 2011. He was accused of sexual assault in one instance and for asking women for their underwear in exchange for not being cited. In November,a jury found him guilty of several chages including felony charges of sexual battery by restraint and assault and battery by an officer. Lawsuits against the city resulted in agreements to pay more than two million dollars relating to Arevalos' crimes.
In February 2011, Sergeant Ken Davis was charged with one count of felony stalking and three counts of repeated harassing by phone or electronic contact relating to his conduct towards another police officer. Davis pleaded not guilty and was put on paid administrative duty while on trial. He later pled guilty in exchange for a sentence of three years of probation and ten days of cummunity service.
In July 2012, officer Daniel Dana pled no contest to committing a lewd act in public, a misdemeanor charge, in exchange having the felony charge of sexually assaulting a prostitute dropped. It stemmed from a May 2011 event where Dana coerced a prostitute to have sex with him in his patrol car. Dana left the police force following the charge.
In March 2013, five officers were placed on desk duty during an investigation of charges they covered up for an officer who had a traffic accident while driving drunk. Detective Jeffrey Blackford stuck a utility box with is car at about 1AM on the morning of 7 December 2012. Two off-duty friends, Sergeant John Iammarino and Detective Daniel Caropres stopped their car to render assistance but did not report the accident. Later Sergeants William Brown and Christopher Tivanian (who were on-duty) came to the crash site. They reported the accident at about 2:15AM, but the driver was not administered a blood-alcohol test until about 3 in the morning. He was just over the legal limit.
The San Diego Police Department Cadet Program (SDPD) is a voluntary, non-enforcement entry level position with the San Diego Police Department for people ages 16–21. After a six-session academy, Cadets may choose to go on ride-alongs, assist with security and traffic control, work undercover[dubious ] and much more.
- "Kolender v. Lawson". United States Reports (Supreme Court of the United States) 461: 352. May 2, 1983.
- "Lawson v. Kolender". United States Federal Reports (United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit) 2 (658): 1362. Oct 15, 1981.
- "NYPD's 'stop-and-frisk' practice unconstitutional, judge rules". Reuters. Aug 12, 2013.
- "L.A. County Sheriff's Department violated rights of blacks, Justice Department says". Los Angeles Times. June 28, 2013.
- "Investigation of Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department Stations in Antelope Valley". US Department of Justice. June 28, 2013.
- Ayoob, Massad (1 January). "Sig Sauer P229 The handgun that protects the President—and you!". Personal Defense World. Retrieved 8 March 2014. More than one of
- The San Diego Police Department at the Officer Down Memorial Page
- "ODMP Remembers Emery E. Campbell". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Oliver S. Hopkins". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Walter B. Holcomb". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Joseph S. Lee". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Charles R. Harris". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Robert Lee Powers". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Robert B. McPherson". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Edward J. Moore". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Thomas A. Keays". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Henry J. Goodrich". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Robert F. Bowers". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Harry Kay Jr.". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Michael J. Bushman". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Robert L. Everitt". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers James P. Lewis". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Freddie Joel Edwards". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Denis W. Allen". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Archie C. Buggs". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Michael T. Anaya". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Dennis Glenn Gonzales". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Harry Keith Tiffany". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Ronald R. Ebeltoft". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Kirk Leland Johnson". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Kimberly Sue Tonahill". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Timothy J. Ruopp". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Thomas E. Riggs". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Jerry L. Hartless". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Ronald Wayne Davis". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Gerald Kieffer Griffin Jr.". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Terry William Bennett". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Christopher A. Wilson". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "ODMP Remembers Jeremy Henwood". ODMP. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Kristina Davis; J. Harry Jones (1 October 2011). "SDPD officer one of two dead in I-15 crashes". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Rise of the Warrior Cop: the Miitarization of America’s Police, by Radley Balko, Kindle Location 2925-46, 2013
- Police Misconduct Allegations Under Investigation, by Monica Garske, Chris Chan, Diana Guevara and R. Stickney, 22 October 2012, NBCSanDiego.com
- Marosi, Richard (1 August 2011). "San Diego cop accused of hit-and-run DUI apparently kills himself". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Ex-Cop Wanted Victim's Panties: Court Docs Documents show the alleged perverted behavior of this 18-year veteran cop could go back as far as 15 years, by R. Stickney and Rory Devine 13 May 2013, NBCSanDiego.com
- Jury Convicts Ex-Cop of Sexual Battery, Assault Former police officer Anthony Arevalos was cuffed and escorted from the courtroom after the verdicts were read, by R. Stickney and Eric S. Page. 18 November 2011, NBCSanDiego.com
- City to Pay $795K in Arevalos Settlement, by Sherene Tagharobi, R. Stickney and Paul Krueger, 27 September 2013, NBCDanDiego.com
- Sergeant Accused of Stalking Officer: Sgt. Ken Davis has been placed on paid administrative leave, by Paul Krueger, 14 April 2011, NBCSanDiego.com
- SDPD Officer Guilty of Stalking, by Lindsay Hood, Paul Krueger, and R. Stickney 27September 2011, NBCSanDiego.com
- Perry, Tony (18 July 2012). "Former San Diego police officer pleads no contest to lewd act - latimes.com". Los Angeles Times (San Diego, California). Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Investigation into San Diego police officer DUI case now growing, by Allison Ash, ABC10 News, 21 March 2013